Publications Bibliography by Professor Colin S. Gray (1943-2020)

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Table of Contents*

(updated October 11, 2020)


Edited Books


Chapters in Books

Articles in Journals

(N.B. excluding reports for the U.S. and U.K. governments).


Theory of Strategy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018), 162 pp.

Strategy and Politics (Abingdon: Routledge, 2016), 178 pp.

The Future of Strategy (Cambridge: Polity Press 2015), 188 pp. 

Strategy and Defence Planning: Meeting the Challenge of Uncertainty (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014), 225 pp.

Perspectives on Strategy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013), 229 pp.

Airpower for Strategic Effect (Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University Press, 2012).

The Strategy Bridge: Theory for Practice (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010), 308pp.

National Security Dilemmas: Challenges and Opportunities (Washington, DC: Potomac Books, 2009), 344pp.

Fighting Talk: Forty Maxims on War, Peace, and Strategy (Westport, CT: Praeger Security International, 2007), 190pp.

War, Peace and International Relations: An Introduction to Strategic History (Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 2007, 2011), 306pp and (2nd edn.) 374pp.

Strategy and History: Essays on Theory and Practice (Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 2006), 234pp.

Another Bloody Century: Future Warfare (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 2005), 431pp

The Sheriff: America’s Defense of the New World Order (Lexington, KY: The University Press of Kentucky, 2004), 195pp.

Strategy for Chaos: Revolutions in Military Affairs and the Evidence of History (London: Frank Cass, 2002), 310pp.

Modern Strategy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999), 412pp.

The Second Nuclear Age (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1999), 193pp.

Explorations in Strategy (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996; 1998 sec. ed. pb [Praeger]), 265pp.

The Navy in the Post–Cold War World: The Uses and Value of Strategic Sea Power (University Park, PA: Penn State University Press, 1994), 204pp.

Weapons Don’t Make War: Policy, Strategy, and Technology (Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1993), 236pp.

The Leverage of Sea Power: The Strategic Advantage of Navies in War (New York: The Free Press, 1992), 372pp.

House of Cards: Why Arms Control Must Fail (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1992), 242pp.

War, Peace, and Victory: Strategy and Statecraft for the Next Century (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1990), 442pp.

The Geopolitics of Super Power (Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1988), 274pp.

Nuclear Strategy and National Style (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1986), 363pp

American Military Space Policy: Information Systems, Weapon Systems, and Arms Control (Cambridge, MA: Abt, 1983), 128pp.

Strategic Studies and Public Policy: The American Experience (Lexington, KY: The University Press of Kentucky, 1982), 230pp.

Strategic Studies: A Critical Assessment (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1982), 213pp.

The MX ICBM and National Security (New York: Praeger, 1981), 173pp.

The Soviet—American Arms Race (Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1976), 196pp.

Canadian Defence Policy: A Question of Priorities (Toronto: Clarke, Irwin, 1972), 293pp.


ed. (with John Baylis and James J. Wirtz) Strategy in the Contemporary World: An Introduction to Strategic Studies, 6thedn., (Oxford University Press, 2019).

ed. (with John Baylis and James Wirtz) Strategy in the Contemporary World: An Introduction to Strategic Studies, 5th edn., (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016).

ed. (with John Baylis and James Wirtz) Strategy in the Contemporary World: An Introduction to Strategic Studies, 4th edn. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013).

ed. (with John Andreas Olsen The Practice of Strategy: From Alexander the Great to the Present (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).

ed. (with John Baylis and James Wirtz) Strategy in the Contemporary World, 3rd edn. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010).

ed. (with John Baylis, James Wirtz, and Eliot Cohen) Strategy in the Contemporary World, 2nd edn. (Oxford:  Oxford University Press, 2007).

ed. (with John Baylis, James Wirtz, and Eliot Cohen) Strategy In the Contemporary World: An Introduction to Strategic Studies (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).

ed. (with Geoffrey Sloan) Geopolitics, Geography, and Strategy (London: Frank Cass, 1999).

ed. of Charles E. Callwell, Military Operations and Maritime Preponderance: Their Relations and Interdependence, With an Introduction and Notes by Colin S. Gray, Classics of Sea Power Series (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1996, reprint, London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1905).

ed. (with Roger W. Barnett) Seapower and Strategy (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1989)

ed. (with Keith B. Payne) Missiles for the Nineties: ICBMs and Strategic Policy (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1984).

ed. (with Keith B. Payne) The Nuclear Freeze Controversy (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1984).


Tactical Operations for Strategic Effect: The Challenge of Currency Conversion, JSOU Special Report (MacDill Air Force Base, FL: Joint Special Operations University, Joint Special Operations University Press, 2015).

Thucydides Was Right: Defining the Future Threat (Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, April 2015).

Always Strategic: Jointly Essential Landpower (Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, February 2015).

Defense Planning for National Security: Navigation Aids for the Mystery Tour (Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, March 2014).

Making Strategic Sense of Cyber: Why the Sky is Not Falling (Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, April 2013).

Categorical Confusion? The Strategic Implications of Recognizing Challenges either as Irregular or Traditional (Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, February 2012).

Hard Power and Soft Power: The Utility of Military Force as an Instrument of Policy in the 21st Century (Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, April 2011.

Schools for Strategy: Teaching Strategy for 21st Century Conflict (Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, November 2009).

Understanding Airpower: Bonfire of the Fallacies, Research Paper 2009–3 (Maxwell Air Force Base, AL: Air Force Research Institute, Air University, March 2009).

After Iraq: The Search for a Sustainable National Security Strategy (Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, January 2009).

The Airpower Advantage in Future Warfare: The Need for Strategy, Research Paper 2007–2 (Maxwell Air Force Base, AL: Airpower Research Institute, Air Force Doctrine and Development Center, Air University, December 2007).

The Implications of Preemptive and Preventive War Doctrines: A Reconsideration (Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, July 2007).

Irregular Enemies and the Essence of Strategy: Can the American Way of War Adapt? (Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College, March 2006).

Recognizing and Understanding Revolutionary Change in Warfare: The Sovereignty of Context (Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College, February 2006).

Transformation and Strategic Surprise (Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College, April 2005).

“Clausewitz, History, and the Future Strategic World,” and “In Defence of the Heartland: Sir Halford Mackinder and His Critics a Hundred Years On.” In Contemporary Essays, Occasional Paper No. 47 (Shrivenham, UK: Strategic and Combat Studies Institute, 2004), pp. 1–24, 25–44.

Maintaining Effective Deterrence (Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College, August 2003).

Defining and Achieving Decisive Victory (Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College, April (2002).

European Perspectives on U.S. Ballistic Missile Defense (Fairfax, VA: National Institute for Public Policy, March 2002).

Weapons for Strategic Effect: How Important Is Technology? Occasional Paper No. 21 (Maxwell AFB, AL: Center for Strategy and Technology, Air War College, January 2001).

The American Revolution in Military Affairs: An Interim Assessment, Occasional Paper No. 28 (Camberley, UK: Strategic and Combat Studies Institute, Joint Services Command and Staff College, 1997).

NATO and the Evolving Structure of Order in Europe: Changing Terms of the TransAtlantic Bargain? Hull Strategy Paper No. 1 (Hull, UK: Centre for Security Studies, University of Hull, January 1997).

Canadians in a Dangerous World (Toronto: The Atlantic Council of Canada, 1994).

Villains, Victims and Sheriffs:  Strategic Studies for an Inter–War Period, An Inaugural Lecture (Hull: University of Hull Press, 1994).

Maritime Strategy, Geopolitics, and the Defense of the West, (New York: Ramapo Press, 1986).

Missiles Against War: The ICBM Debate Today (Fairfax, Va.: National Institute for Public Policy, 1984).

Nuclear Strategy and Strategic Planning (Philadelphia: Foreign Policy Research Institute, 1984).

Strategy and the MX, Critical Issues Series (Washington, D.C.: Heritage Foundation, 1980).

The Geopolitics of the Nuclear Era: Heartland, Rimlands, and the Technological Revolution, (New York: Crane, Russak, September 1977).

The Future of Land–Based Missile Forces, Adelphi Paper No. 140 (London: International Institute for Strategic Studies, Winter 1977).

(ed.) Strategic Survey, 1974 (London International Institute for Strategic Studies, 1975).

(ed.) Canadian Military Professionalism: The Search for Identity, Wellesley Paper No. 2 (Toronto: Canadian Institute of international Affairs, February 1973).

Canadian Maritime Forces, Wellesley Paper No. 1 (Toronto: Canadian Institute of International Affairs, January 1973).

“Canada and NORAD: A Study in Strategy,” Behind the Headlines, Vol. XXXI, No. 3–4 (June 1972).

“Security Through SALT?” Behind the Headlines, Vol. XXX, Nos. 3–4 (April 1971).


And – forthcoming 2020, “Superpower and World Order”, in The Sheathed Sword: From Nuclear Brink to No First Use, ed. by Lt Gen (Dr) Prakash Menon, Takshashila Institution, Bengalaru, India.

“Strategy and Defence Planning”, in John Baylis, James J. Wirtz, and Colin S. Gray, eds., Strategy in the Contemporary World: An Introduction to Strategic Studies, 6th edn., (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019), pp. 165-180.

(with Jeannie L. Johnson) “The Practice of Strategy,” in John Baylis, James J. Wirtz, and Colin S. Gray, eds.,Strategy in the Contemporary World: An Introduction to Strategic Studies, 5th edn., (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016), pp. 356–373.

“Airpower Theory”, in John Andreas Olsen, ed., Airpower Reborn: The Strategic Concepts of John Warden and John Boyd (Annapolis, D: Naval Institute Press, 2015), pp. 156–180.

“Strategy and Culture,” in Thomas G. Mahnken and Dan Blumenthal, eds., Strategy in Asia: The Past, Present, and Future of Regional Security (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2014), pp. 92–107.

“Dowding and the British Strategy of Air Defense, 1936–1940,” in Williamson Murray and Richard Hart Sinnreich, eds., Successful Strategies: Triumphing in War and Peace from Antiquity to the Present (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014), pp. 241–279.

(with Jeannie L. Johnson) “The Practice of Strategy,” in John Baylis, James J. Wirtz, and Colin S. Gray, eds.,Strategy in the Contemporary World: An Introduction to Strategic Studies (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013), pp. 358–376).

“Harry S. Truman and the forming of American grand strategy in the Cold War, 1945–1953,” in Williamson Murray, Richard Hart Sinnreich, and James Lacey, eds., The Shaping of Grand Strategy: Policy, Diplomacy, and War (Cambridge University Press, 2011), pp. 210–253.

“The Nuclear Age and the Cold War,” and “Conclusions,” in John Andreas Olsen and Colin S. Gray, eds., The Practice of Strategy: From Alexander the Great to the Present (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011), pp. 237–259, and 287–300.

“Approaching the Study of Strategy,” in Ralph Rotte and Christoph Schwarz, eds., International Security and War: Politics and Grand Strategy in the 21st Century (New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2011), pp. 11–21.

(with John Sheldon), “Theory Ascendant? Spacepower and the Challenge of Strategic Theory,” in Charles D. Lutes and Peter L. Hays, eds., Toward a Theory of Spacepower: Seleted Essays (Washington, DC: National Defense University Press, February 2011), pp. 1–17.

“Why Strategy Is Difficult,” in Gary Sheffield, ed., War Studies Reader: From the Seventeenth Century to the Present Day and Beyond (London: Continuum, 2010), pp. 35–46.

“Coping with Uncertainty: Dilemmas of Defense Planning,” in Stephen J. Cimbala, ed., The George W. Bush Defense Program: Policy, Strategy and War (Dulles, VA: Potomac Books, 2010), pp. 1–10.

(with Jeannie L. Johnson) “The Practice of Strategy,” in John Baylis, James J. Wirtz, and Colin S. Gray, eds., Strategy in the Contemporary World, 3rd edn. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010), pp. 372–390.

“Why strategy is difficult,” in Thomas G. Mahnken and Joseph A. Maiolo, eds., Strategic Studies: A Reader (Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 2008), pp. 391–397.

“Out of the Wilderness: Prime Time for Strategic Culture,” in Jeannie L. Johnson, Kerry M. Kartchner, and Jeffrey A. Larsen, eds., Strategic Culture and Weapons of Mass Destruction: Culturally Based Insights and Comparative National Security Policymaking (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009), pp. 221–241.

“Mission improbable, fear, culture, and interest: peacemaking, 1943–1949” in Williamson Murray and Jim Lacey, eds., The making of peace: Rulers, states, and the aftermath of war (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009), pp. 265–291.

“British and American Strategic Cultures,” in Democracies in Partnership: 400 Years of Transatlantic Engagement, The ACT/ODU Jamestown Symposium, 18–19 April, 2007 (Norfolk, VA: HQ Allied Command Transformation, 2008), pp. 123–150.

“Been There! Done That! Blood in the Crystal Ball,” and “With Clausewitz to Eternity” in Donald A. Xerxa, ed., Recent Themes in Military History: Historians in Conversation (Columbia, SC: The University of South Carolina Press, 2008), pp. 51–57, 75–82.

“The Quadrennial Defense Review (2006) and the Perils of the 21st Century,” in Bradley A. Thayer, ed., American National Security Policy: Essays in Honor of William R. Van Cleave (Fairfax, VA: National Institute Press, 2007), pp. 70–76.

“Clausewitz, history, and the future strategic world,” in Williamson Murray and Richard Hart Sinnreich, eds., The Past as Prologue: The Importance of History to the Military Profession (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006).

“The American Way of War: Critique and Implications,” in Anthony D. Mc Ivor, ed., Rethinking the Principles of War(Annapolis, MD:  Naval Institute Press, 2005), pp. 13–40.

“In defence of the Heartland: Sir Halford Mackinder and his critics a hundred years on,” in Brian Blouet, ed., Global Geostrategy: Mackinder and the Defence of the West (London: Frank Cass, 2005), pp. 17–35.

“World Politics as Usual after September 11: Realism vindicated,” in Ken Booth and Tim Dunne, eds., Worlds in Collision: Terror and the Future of Global Order (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002), pp. 226–234.

“The RMA and Intervention: A Sceptical View,” in Colin McInnes and Nicholas J. Wheeler, eds., Dimensions of Western Military Intervention (London: Frank Cass, 2002), pp. 52–65.

(with Malcolm R. Davis) “Weapons of Mass Destruction,” in John Baylis, James Wirtz, Eliot Cohen, and Colin S. Gray, eds., Strategy In the Contemporary World: An Introduction to Strategic Studies (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), pp. 254–285.

“Sea Power in Modern Strategy,” in David Stevens and John Reeve, eds., Southern Trident: Strategy History and the Rise of Australian Naval Power (Crows Nest, NSW, Australia: Allen and Unwin, 2001), pp. 24–39.

“Inescapable Geography,” in Robert Pfaltzgraff, Jr., and William R. Van Cleave, eds., Strategy and International Politics: Essays In Memory of Werner Kaltefleiter (Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 2001), pp. 55–70.

“Amphibious Operations,” in Richard Holmes, ed., The Oxford Companion to Military History (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), pp. 49–52.

“No Good Deed Shall Go Unpunished,” in Ken Booth, ed., The Kosovo Tragedy: The Human Rights Dimension(London: Frank Cass, 2001), pp. 302–306.

“Deterrence and the Nature of Strategy,” in Max G. Manwaring, ed., Deterrence in the 21st Century (London: Frank Cass, 2001), pp.17–26.

“To Confuse Ourselves: Nuclear Fallacies,” in John Baylis and Robert O’Neill, eds., Alternative Nuclear Futures: The Role of Nuclear Weapons in the Post–Cold War World (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000), pp.4–30.

“Clausewitz Rules, OK? The Future is the Past–with GPS,” in Michael Cox, Ken Booth and Tim Dunne, eds., The Interregnum: Controversies in World Politics, 1989–1999 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999), pp.161–182.

(with John B. Sheldon) “Spacepower and the Revolution In Military Affairs: A Glass Half–Full,” In Peter L. Hays et al., eds., Spacepower for a New Millennium: Space and U.S. National Security (New York: McGraw–Hill, 2000), pp 239–257.

“Amphibious Operations,” in Martin Edmonds and Humphry Crum Ewing, eds., Maritime Forces in Peace and War: Joint and Combined Operations, Bailrigg Paper 30 (Lancaster: Lancaster University, Centre for Defence and International Security Studies, 1999), pp.74–77.

“The Role of Military Power in the 21st Century,” in Frances Omori and Mary A. Sommerville, eds., Strength Through Cooperation: Military Forces in the Asia—Pacific Region (Washington, DC: National Defense University Press, 1999), pp.29–55.

“Regional Deterrence,” in Ulrike Schumacher, ed., Structure, Order, and Disorder in World Politics: Papers Presented at the Summer Course 1998 on International Security (Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1999), pp. 43–65.

“Introduction” to Jim Oberg, Space Power Theory (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1999), pp. xiii–xv.

“L’influenza del potere spaziale nella storia,” in Carlo Maria Santoro, ed., Italo Balbo: Aviazione e Potere Aeroe, Atti del Convegno Internazionale nel centenario della nascita, Roma, 7–8 November 1996 (Rome: Aeronautica militare, 1998), pp. 251–274.

“The Revolution in Military Affairs,” in Brian Bond and Mungo Melvin, eds., The Nature of Future Conflict: Implications for Force Development, Occasional Paper No. 36 (Camberley, UK: Strategic and Combat Studies Institute, Joint Services Command and Staff College, September 1998), pp. 58–65.

“The Geopolitics of European Defence,” in Michael Duffy, Theo Farrell and Geoffrey Sloan, eds., European Defence in 2020, Proceedings of the Conference held at the University of Exeter, September 17–18, 1997 (Exeter: Britannia Royal Naval College and Exeter University, The Strategic Policy Studies Group, 1998), pp. 7–24.

“The Leverage of Seapower,” in Eric Grove and Capt. Peter Hore, RN, eds., Dimensions of Sea Power: Strategic Choice in the Modern World (Hull: The University of Hull Press, 1998), pp. 32–45.

“Nuclear Weapons and the Revolution in Military Affairs,” in T. V. Paul, Richard Harknett, and James J. Wirtz, eds., The Absolute Weapon Revisited: Nuclear Arms and the Emerging International Order (Ann Arbor, MI: The University of Michigan Press, 1998), pp. 99–134.

“Deterrence and Regional Conflicts: Hopes, Fallacies and ‘Fixes’,” in Werner Kaltefleiter and Ulrike Schumacher, eds., The Rise of a Multipolar World: Papers Presented at the International Summer Course, 1997 on National Security, Vol. 2 (Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1998), pp. 115–140.

“Introduction,” in John Alexander, From the Sea: The U.S. Navy and Marine Corps into the 21st Century (London: Osprey, 1997), pp. 20–23.

“Weapons Proliferation: Insecurity and the Control of Arms in the Second Nuclear Age,” in Werner Kaltefleiter and Ulrike Schumacher, eds., Five Years After the Fall of the Berlin Wall: Papers Presented at the International Summer Course, 1995 on National Security (Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1996), pp. 69–98.

“Geopolitical Influences on International Relations,” in Werner Kaltefleiter and Ulrike Schumacher, eds., Five Years After the Fall of the Berlin Wall: Papers Presented at the International Summer Course, 1995 on National Security(Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1996), pp. 49–68.

“Puissance maritime, puissance continentale et la recherche de l’avantage stratégique,” in Hervé Coutau–Bégarie, ed., La lutte pour l’empire de la mer: Histoire et géostratégie maritimes (Paris: Economica, 1995), pp. 69–97.

“Sea Power For Containment: The U.S. Navy In The Cold War,” in Keith Neilson and Elizabeth Jane Errington, eds., Navies and Global Defense: Theories And Strategy (Westport, CT: Praeger, 1995), pp. 181–207.

(With John J. Kohout III) “Modern Long–Range, Land–Based Bombers in the New Security Environment,” and (With John J. Kohout III) “Defense Planning and the Modern Long–Range Bomber,” in Keith B. Payne and John J. Kohout III, eds., The B–2 Bomber: Air Power in the 21st Century (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1995), pp. 1–14, and 39–55.

“The Second Nuclear Age: Insecurity, Proliferation, and the Control of Arms,” in Williamson Murray, ed., The Brassey’s Mershon American Defence Annual, 1995–1996: The United States and the Emerging Strategic Environment(Washington, D.C.: Brassey’s (U.S.) 1995), pp. 135–154.

“History for Strategists: British Seapower as a Relevant Past,” in Geoffrey Till, ed., Seapower: Theory and Practice(London: Frank Cass, 1994), pp. 7–32.

“Strategy in the Nuclear Age: The United States, 1945–1991,” in Williamson Murray, MacGregor Knox, and Alvin Bernstein, eds., The Making of Strategy: Rulers, States, and War (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994), pp. 579–613.

“The Strategy of Blockade,” in Lawrence Freedman, ed., War (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994), pp. 285–288.

“Deterrence—Still a Reliable Strategy?” in Werner Kaltefleiter and Ulrike Schumacher, eds., Conflicts, Options, Strategies in a Threatened World: Papers Presented at the International Summer Course 1993 on National Security (Kiel, Germany: Institute of Political Science, Christian–Albrechts–University, 1994), pp. 99–118.

“Nuclear Strategy, Force Procurement, and Deployment as Arms Control,” in Bennett Ramberg, ed., Arms Control Without Negotiation (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1993), pp. 97–111.

“Maritime Strategy,” in Trevor N. Dupuy, ed., International Military and Defense Encyclopedia, Vol. 4 (Washington, D.C.: Brassey’s (US), 1993), pp. 1657–1662.

“New Directions for Strategic Studies: How Can Theory Help Practice?” in Desmond Ball and David Horner, eds.,Strategic Studies in a Changing World: Global, Regional and Australian Perspectives (Canberra: Strategic Defence Studies Center, Research School of Pacific Studies, The Australian National University, 1992), pp. 126–153.

“Soviet nuclear strategy and new military thinking,” in Derek Leebaert and Timothy Dickinson, eds., Soviet strategy and new military thinking (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992), pp. 29–56. 

“The Soviet Threat in the 1990’s,” in Frederic J. Fleron, Jr., Erik P. Hoffmann, and Robbin F. Laird, eds., Soviet Foreign Policy: Classic and Contemporary Issues (New York: Aldine de Gruyter, 1991), pp. 777–793.

“Do the Changes within the Soviet Union Provide a Basis for Eased SovietAmerican Relations: A Skeptical View,” in Robert Jervis and Seweryn Bialer, eds., Soviet—American Relations After the Cold War (Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1991), pp. 61–75.

“Geography and Grand Strategy,” in John B. Hattendorf and Malcolm H. Murfett, eds., The Limitations of Military Power: Essays presented to Professor Norman Gibbs on his eightieth birthday (London: Macmillan, 1990), pp. 111–137.

“Strategic Priorities and U.S. Options: Escalation and Extended War,” in Stephen J. Cimbala, ed., The Soviet Challenge in the 1990’s (New York: Praeger Publishers, 1989), pp. 123–139.

“Reflections on Empire: The Soviet Connection,” and “SDI Policy Issues,” in Herbert M. Levine, ed., World Politics Debated: A Reader in Contemporary Issues (New York: McGraw Hill Book Co., 1989; 3rd ed.) pp. 136–145.

“American Strategic Culture: Implications for Defense Technology,” in Asa A. Clark IV, and John F. Lilley, eds., Military Technology (New York: Praeger, 1989). pp. 31–48.

“War Fighting for Deterrence,” in Robert J. Art and Kenneth N. Waltz, eds., The Use of Force: International Politics and Foreign Policy (Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1988, 3rd ed.)

“Strategic De–Escalation,” in Stephen J. Cimbala and Joseph D. Douglass, Jr., eds., Ending a Nuclear War: Are The Superpowers Prepared? (Washington, D.C.: Pergamon–Brassey’s, 1988), pp. 60–78.

“Deterrence and Strategic Defense: A Positive View,” in Yevgeny Primakov, ed., Disarmament and Security, 1987 Yearbook, (Moscow: Novosti Agency Publishing House [for U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences, Institute of World Economy and International Relations], 1988), pp. 569–578.

“Nuclear Deterrence and Technological Change: Retrospect and Prospect,” in Roman Kolkowicz, ed., The Logic of Nuclear Terror (Boston: Allen and Unwin, 1987), pp. 155–185.

“The Reagan Administration and Arms Control,” in Desmond Ball and Andrew Mack, eds., The Future of Arms Control(Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1987), pp. 45–66.

“Space and Arms Control: A Skeptical View,” in America Plans for Space (Washington, D.C.: National Defense University Press, 1986), pp. 133–156.

“SDI’s Effects on EastWest Relations,” in Dorinda A. Dallmeyer, ed., The Strategic Defense Initiative: New Perspectives on Deterrence (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1986), pp. 81–90.

“Strategic Forces,” in Joseph Kruzel, ed., American Defense Annual, 1986–1987 (Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books, 1986), pp. 67–86.

“Global Protracted War: Conduct and Termination,” in Stephen Cimbala, ed., Strategic War Termination (New York: Praeger, 1986), pp. 75–96.

“Targeting Problems for Central War,” in Desmond Ball and Jeffrey Richelson, eds., Strategic Nuclear Targeting (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1985), pp. 171–193.

“U.S. Military Space Policy,” in Adam M. Garfinkle, ed., Global Perspectives on Arms Control, (New York: Praeger, 1984), pp. 133–144.

“The Strategic Implications of the Nuclear Balance and Arms Control,” in Richard F. Staar, ed., Arms Control: Myth Versus Reality (Stanford, Cal.: Hoover Institution, 1984), pp. 24–29.

“Arms Control: Problems,” in R. James Woolsey, ed., Nuclear Arms: Ethics, Strategy, Politics (San Francisco: Institute for Contemporary Studies, 1984), pp. 153–169.

“Warfighting for Deterrence,” in Stephen J. Cimbala, ed., National Security Strategy: Choices and Limits (New York: Praeger, 1984), pp. 193–216.

“Space Policy Review,” in U.S. Space Foundation, Space, The Next Ten Years, Symposium Report (Colorado Springs, Colo.: USSF, 1984), pp. 95–101.

“The Strategic Nuclear Policy of the Reagan Administration: Trends, Problems and the Potential Relevance of Space–Based Laser Weapons,” in Keith B. Payne, ed., Laser Weapons in Space: Policy and Doctrine (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1983), pp. 189–218.

“Mobilization for High–Level Conflict: Possible Policy Issues,” in Robert L. Pfaltzgraff and Uri Ra’anan, eds., The U.S. Defense Mobilization Infrastructure: Problems and Priorities (Hamden, Conn.: Archon, 1983), pp. 33–49.

“A New Debate on Ballistic Missile Defense,” in Robert J. Art and Kenneth N. Waltz, eds., The Use of Force, 2nd ed. (Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1983), pp. 538–553.

“Arms Control and European Security: Some Basic Issues,” in Lawrence S. Hagen, ed., The Crisis in Western Security(London: Croom, Helm, 1982), pp. 94–120.

“The Military Requirements of U.S. Strategy,” in George Holt, Jr., and Walter R. Milliken, eds., Strategy: A Reader(Washington, D.C.: National Defense University, 1980), pp. 110–122.

“The Strategic Forces Triad: End of the Road?” in Wolfram F. Hanrieder, ed., Arms Control and Security: Current Issues(Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1979), pp. 191–209.

“Soviet Strategic Systems: Implications for the U.S Deterrent Posture,” in The Emerging Strategic Environment: Implications for Ballistic Missile Defense, Special Report (Cambridge, Mass.: Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, December 1979), pp. 45–75.

“Arms Races and Their Influence Upon International Stability,” in Gabriel Sheffer, ed., Dynamics of a Conflict: A Re–examination of the Arab—Israeli Conflict (Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press, 1976), pp. 39–93.

“The ‘Racing’ Syndrome and the Strategic Balance,” in Lawrence L. Whetten, ed., The Future of Soviet Military Power (New York: Crane, Russak, 1976), pp. 29–39.

“SovietAmerican Strategic Competition: Instruments, Doctrines, and Purposes,” in Long–Range U.S.—U.S.S.R Competition: National Security Implications, Proceedings of National Security Affairs Conference, July 12–14, 1976 (Washington, D.C.: National Defense University, October 1976).

“Strategic Ideas and Defense Policy: The Organizational Nexus,” in Roger Beaumont and Martin Edmonds, ed., War in the Next Decade (London: Macmillan, 1975), pp. 89–109.



“Nuclear Strategy – A Tale of Consequence,” in Military Strategy Magazine, Volume 7, Issue 1, Spring 2020, pp. 6-10.


“Why Strategy is Different”, Infinity Journal, Vol. 6, No. 4 (Summer 2019), pp. 4-8.

“Can Strategy be Taught?” Infinity Journal, Vol. 6 No. 3 (Winter 2019), pp. 4–8.


“Strategic History,” Infinity Journal, Vol. 6, No. 1 (Summer 2018), pp. 4–8.

“So what! The Meaning of Strategy,” Infinity Journal, Vol. 6, No. 1 (Winter 2018), pp. 4–7.


“Strategic Sense—Missing from Action,” Infinity Journal, Vol. 5, No. 3 (Fall 2016) pp. 4–8.


“Nicholas John Spykman the Balance of Power, and International Order”, The Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 38, No. 6 (October 2015), pp. 873–897.

“Strategy and Security”, Infinity Journal, Vol. 4, No. 3 (Spring 2015), pp. 11–15.


“Politics, Strategy, and the Stream of Time,” Infinity Journal, Vol. 3, No. 4 (Winter 2014), pp. 4–9.

Review of Lawrence Freedman, Strategy: A History, “Book Reviews” International Affairs, Vol. 90, No. 2 (March 2014).


“What is Strategy (an ‘IJ Brief’),” Infinity Journal, 2013.

“The Strategic Anthropologist,” Review Article International Affairs, Vol. 89, No. 5 (2013), pp. 1285–1295.

“The Whole House of Strategy.” Joint Force Quarterly, Issue 71 (4th qtr. 2013), pp. 58–62.


“Clipping the Eagle’s Wings: Explaining Failure and Success in the Battle of Britain, 1940,” Infinity Journal, Special Edition on “Strategic Misfortunes” (October 2012), pp. 55–11

“Geopolitics and Deterrence,” Comparative Strategy, Vol. 31, No. 4 (September–October 2012), pp. 295–321.

“Concept Failure? COIN, Counterinsurgency, and Strategic Theory,” Prism, Vol. 3, No. 3 (June 2012), pp. 17–32.

“Strategy: Some Notes for a User’s Guide,” Infinity Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Spring 2012), pp. 4–9.


“Another Bloody Century”, Infinity Journal, No. 4 (Fall 2011), pp. 4–7.

“The Strategist as Hero,” Joint Force Quarterly, No. 62 (3rd Quarter, July 2011), pp. 37–45.

“Some Thoughts on Moral Choice and War,” Comparative Strategy, Vol. 30, No. 1 (January–March 2011), pp. 94–97.

Deterrence Resurrected: Revisiting Some Fundamentals,” Parameters, Vol. XXXX, No. 4 (Winter 2010 –2011), pp. 99–106.


“War–Continuity in Change, and Change in Continuity,” Parameters, Vol. XXXX, No. 2 (Summer 2010), pp. 5–13.

“Gaining Compliance: The Theory of Deterrence and its Modern Application,” Comparative Strategy, Vol. 29, No. 3 (July–August 2010), pp. 278–283.

“Moral Advantage, Strategic Advantage?” The Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 33, No. 3 (June 2010), pp. 333–365.

“Strategic Thoughts for Defence Planners,” Survival, Vol. 52, No. 3 (June–July 2010), pp. 159–178.

“The Practice of Strategy,” British Army Review, No. 148 (Winter 2009–10), pp. 36–38.


(With Mike Bath, Geoffrey Sloan, and C. Dale Walton, “The Royal Navy and British Security in the Twenty–First Century: The Short Game and the Long Game,” The Naval Review, Vol. 97, No. 3 (August 2009), pp. 223–228.

“The 21st Century Security Environment and the Future of War,” Parameters, Vol. XXXVIII, No. 4 (Winter 2008–09), pp. 14–26.


“Britain’s National Security: Compulsion and Discretion,” The RUSI Journal, Vol. 153, No. 6 (December 2008), pp. 12–18.

“Understanding Airpower: Bonfire of the Fallacies,” Strategic Studies Quarterly, Vol. 2, No. 4 (Winter 2008), pp. 43–83.

“Coping with Uncertainty: Dilemmas of Defense Planning,” Comparative Strategy, Vol. 27, No. 4 (July–September 2008), pp. 324–331.


“The AngloIrish War, 1919–21: Lessons from an Irregular Conflict,” Comparative Strategy, Vol. 26, No.5 (October–December 2007), pp. 371–394.

“Irregular Warfare: One Nature, Many Characters,” Strategic Studies Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Winter 2007), pp. 35–57.

“Coping with Uncertainty: Dilemmas of Defence Planning,” The British Army Review, No. 143 (Autumn 2007), pp. 36–40.

“Out of the Wilderness: Prime Time for Strategic Culture,” Comparative Strategy, Vol. 26, No. 1 (January–February 2007), pp. 1–20.

“You can’t know that deterrence will work, but it is still an essential asset,” Parliamentary Brief, Vol. 11, (February 2007), pp. 25–26.


“Technology as a Dynamic of Defence Transformation,” Defence Studies, Vol. 6, No. 1 (March 2006), pp. 26–51.

“The Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR), 2006, and the Perils of the Twenty–First Century,” Comparative Strategy, Vol. 25, No. 2 (April–June 2006), pp. 141–148.

“Stability Operations in Strategic Perspective: A Skeptical View,” Parameters, Vol. XXXVI, No. 2 (Summer 2006), pp. 4–14.

“Been There! Done That! Blood in the Crystal Ball,” and “With Clausewitz to Eternity,” Historically Speaking, Vol. 7, No. 3 (January/February 2006), pp. 25–28, 35–38.


“Future Warfare: Or, the Triumph of History,” The RUSI Journal, Vol.150, No.5 (October 2005), pp.16–19.

“Sandcastle of Theory: A Critique of Amitai Etzioni’s Communitarianism,” American Behavioral Scientist, Vol. 48, No.12 (August 2005), pp.1607–1625.

“How Has War Changed Since the End of the Cold War?” Parameters, Vol. XXXV, No. (Spring 2005), pp. 14–26.


“In Defence of the Heartland: Sir Halford Mackinder and His Critics a Hundred Years On,” Comparative Strategy, Vol. 23, No. 1 (January–March 2004), pp. 9–25.


“The Reformation of Deterrence: Moving On,” Comparative Strategy, Vol. 22, No. 5 (December 2003), pp. 429–461.

“Why Strategy is difficult,” Joint Force Quarterly, No. 34 (Spring 2003), pp. 80–86.

“In Praise of Strategy,” Review of International Studies, Vol. 29, No. 2 (April 2003), pp. 285–295.


“European Perspectives on U.S. Ballistic Missile Defense,” Comparative Strategy, Vol. 21, No. 4 (2002), pp. 279–310.

“The Coast Guard and Sea Power in the Twenty–First Century,” Comparative Strategy, Vol. 21, No. 3 (July–September 2002).

“Thinking Asymmetrically In Times of Terror,” Parameters, Vol.XXXII, No.1 (Spring 2002), pp 5–14.


“The RMA and Intervention: A Sceptical View,” Contemporary Security Policy, Vol.22, No.3 (December 2001), pp 52–65.

“The Coast Guard and Navy: It’s Time for a ‘National Fleet’,” Naval War College Review, Vol.54, No.3 (Summer 2001), pp 112–137.

“An International ‘Norm’ Against Nuclear Weapons? The British Case,” Comparative Strategy, Vol.20, No.3 (July–September 2001), pp. 231–239.


“No Good Deed Shall Go Unpunished,” The International Journal of Human Rights, Vol.4, Nos.3/4 (Autumn/Winter 2000), pp. 302–306.

“The Book We Have Been Waiting For,” Naval War College Review, Vol.53, No.4 (Autumn 2000), pp.149–152.

“Deterrence and the Nature of Strategy,” Small Wars and Insurgencies, Vol.11, No.2 (Autumn 2000), pp.17–26.

“Deterrence in the 21st Century,” Comparative Strategy, Vol.19, No.3 (July/ September 2000), pp.255–261.

“Talk in Washington, DC, December 10, 1999 [on arms control],” Comparative Strategy, Vol.19, No.2 (April/June 2000), pp.174–177.

“Keeping the Coast Guard Afloat,” The National Interest, No.60 (Summer 2000), pp. 83–87.


“Clausewitz Rules, OK? The Future is the Past–with GPS,” Review of International Studies, Vol. 25, Special Issue (December 1999), pp. 161–182.

“Why Strategy Is Difficult,” Joint Force Quarterly, No.22 (Summer 1999), pp. 6–12.

(with Geoffrey Sloan) “Why Geopolitics?” The Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 22, Nos. 2/3 (June/September 1999), pp. 1–11.

“Inescapable Geography,” The Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 22, Nos. 2/3 (June/ September 1999), pp. 161–177.

(with John B. Sheldon) “Space Power and the Revolution in Military Affairs: A Glass Half Full?” Airpower Journal, Vol. XIII, No. 3, (Fall 1999), pp. 23–38.

“A Coast Guard for the Future: America’s Maritime Guardian,” Comparative Strategy, Vol. 18, No. 2 (April–June 1999), pp. 111–128.

“Handfuls of Heroes on Desperate Ventures: When do Special Operations Succeed?” Parameters, Vol. XXIX, No. 2 (Spring 1999), pp. 2–24.

“Strategic Culture as Context: The First Generation of Theory Strikes Back,” Review of International Studies, Vol. 25, No. 1 (January 1999), pp. 49–69.


“RMAs and the Dimensions of Strategy,” Joint Force Quarterly, No. 19 (Summer 1998).

“Deterrence and Regional Conflict: Hopes, Fallacies, and ‘Fixes’,” Comparative Strategy, Vol. 17, No. 1 (January –March 1998), pp. 45–62.

 “RMAs and the Dimensions of Strategy,” Joint Force Quarterly, No. 17 (Autumn/ Winter 1997–98), pp. 50–54.


“The Influence of Space Power upon History,” Comparative Strategy, Vol. 15, No. 4 (October–December 1996), pp. 293–308.

(with Stephen Cambone) “The Role of Nuclear Forces in U. S. National Security Strategy: Implications of the B–2 Bomber,” Comparative Strategy, Vol. 15, No. 3 (July–September 1996), pp. 207–231.

“Arms Races and Other Pathetic Fallacies: A Case for Deconstruction,” Review of International Studies, Vol. 22, No. 3 (July 1996), pp. 323–335.

“Three Visions of Future War,” Queen’s Quarterly, Vol. 103, No. 1 (Spring 1996), pp. 35–48.

“Geopolitical Influences on International Security,” Central European Issues (Romanian Foreign Affairs Review), Vol. 1, No. 2 (Winter 1995/96), pp. 74–92.

“On Strategic Performance,” Joint Force Quarterly, No. 10 (Winter 1995 –96), pp. 30–36.

“The Continued Primacy of Geography,” Orbis, Vol. 40, No. 2 (Spring 1996), pp. 247–259.

“The Changing Nature of Warfare? Naval War College Review, Vol. XLIX, No. 2 (Spring 1996), pp. 7–22.


“NATO: In Trouble at the Crossroads Again,” Strategic Review, Vol. XXIII, No.3 (Summer 1995), pp. 7–15.

“The Limits of Seapower: Joint Warfare and Unity of Conflict,” Joint Force Quarterly, No.6 (Autumn/Winter 1994 –95), pp. 52–61. 


“Villains, Victims, and Sheriffs: Strategic Studies and Security for an Interwar Period,” Comparative Strategy, Vol. 13, No. 4 (October–December 1994), pp. 353–369.

“History for Strategists: British Seapower as a Relevant Past,” The Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 17, No. 1 (March 1994), pp. 7–32. 

“Off the Map: Defense Planning after the Soviet Threat,” Strategic Review, Vol. XXII, No. 2 (Spring 1994), pp. 26–35. 

“Global Security and Economic Well–being: a Strategic Perspective,” Political Studies, Vol. 42, No. 1 (March 1994), pp. 25–39. 

“Vision for Naval Space Strategy,” U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, Vol. 120, No. 1 (January 1994), pp. 63–68.


“Influence from the Sea: NATO, Naval Power and World Order,” Defence and Security Review 1994 (December 1993), pp. 86–94. 

“Space Power Survivability,” Airpower Journal, Vol. VII, No. 4 (Winter 1993), pp. 27–42. 

“Sea Power: The Great Enabler,” Naval War College Review, Vol. XLVII, No. 1 (Winter 1994), pp. 18–27.

“Through a Missile Tube Darkly: ‘New Thinking’ about Nuclear Strategy,” Political Studies, Vol. XLI, No. 4 (December 1993), pp. 661–671.

“Combatting Terrorism,” Parameters, Vol. XXIII, No. 3 (Autumn 1993), pp. 17–23. 

“Arms Control Does Not Control Arms,” Orbis, Vol. 37, No. 3 (Summer 1993), pp. 333–348.

“Force, Order, and Justice: The Ethics of Realism in Statecraft,” Global Affairs, Vol. VIII, No. 3 (Summer 1993), pp. 1–17. 


“Deterrence in the New Security Environment,” Comparative Strategy, Vol. II, No. 3 (July–September 1992), pp. 247–267.

“New Directions for Strategic Studies? How Can Theory Help Practice?” Security Studies, Vol. I, No. 4 (Summer 1992), pp. 610–635.

“Strategic Sense, Strategic Nonsense,” The National Interest, No. 29 (Fall 1992), pp. 11–19.

“Back to the Future? Russia and the Balance of Power in Eurasia,” Global Affairs, Vol. VII, No. 3 (Summer 1992), pp. 41–52.


“The Future of U.S.CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) Relations and Arms Control Negotiations,” UNIDIR Newsletter, Vol. 4, No. 4 (December 1991), pp. 4–5.

“From Defense Philosophy to Force Planning: The Strategic Forces,” Defense Analysis, Vol. 7, No. 4 (December 1991), pp. 363–372.

“The Holistic Strategist,” Global Affairs, Vol. VII, No. 1 (Winter 1992), pp. 171–182. 

“Geography and Grand Strategy,” Comparative Strategy, Vol. 10, No. 4 (October–December 1991), pp. 311–329. 

“Defense Planning for the Mystery Tour: Principles for Guidance in a Period of Nonlinear Change,” Airpower Journal, Vol. V, No. 2 (Summer 1991), pp. 18–26.

“START II: Good Arms Control?” Global Affairs, Vol. VI, No. 3 (Summer 1991), pp. 47–57.

“Deterrence Resurrected: Revisiting Some Fundamentals,” Parameters, Vol. XXI, No. 2 (Summer 1991), pp. 13–21.

“Destination Unknown: From SALT to START,” Strategic Review, Vol. XIX, No. 2 (Spring 1991), pp. 32–43. 


“The Definitions and Assumptions of Deterrence: Questions of Theory and Practice,” The Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 13, No. 4 (December 1990), pp. 1–18.

“The Wartime Utility of Seapower: Part II: Back to the Future,” Naval Forces, Vol.XI, No. V (1990), pp. 22–29.

“Nuclear Strategy: Do the Details Matter?” Arms Control Today, Vol. 20, No. 8 (October 1990), pp. 37–38.

“The Wartime Utility of Seapower: Part I: The Historical Record,” Naval Forces, Vol. XI, No. IV (1990), pp. 8–17.

“Does Verification Really Matter? Facing Political Facts about Arms Control Non–Compliance,” Strategic Review, Vol. XVIII, No. 2 (Spring 1990), pp. 32–42.

“Tomorrow’s Forecast: Warmer/Still Cloudy,” U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, Vol. 116, No. 5 (May 1990), pp. 38–46.

“The Soviet Threat in the 1990’s,” Global Affairs, Vol. V, No. 2 (Spring 1990), pp. 25–44. 

“Nuclear Strategy: What Is True, What Is False, What Is Arguable,” Comparative Strategy, Vol. 9, No. 1 (1990), pp. 1–32.

“U.S. Naval Power and Competitive Grand Strategy,” International Defense Review, No. 3 (1990), pp. 255–258.

“The Maritime Strategy Is Not New,” U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, Vol. 116, No. 1 (January 1990), pp. 66–72.


“People, not weapons, make war,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Vol. 45, No. 4 (May 1989), p. 34.

“The Maritime Strategy in U.S.—Soviet Strategic Relations,” Naval War College Review, Vol. XLII, No. 1 (Winter 1989), pp. 7–18.

“An Uncertain Future for SDI,” The World and I,” Vol. 4, No. 4 (April 1989), pp. 116–121. 

(with Keith Payne) “What to Read on Strategic Defense: An Annotated Bibliography,” Policy Review, No. 47 (Winter 1989), pp. 86–90.

(with Roger Barnett) “Geopolitics and Strategy,” Global Affairs, Vol. IV, No. 1 (Winter 1989), pp. 18–37.


“Ocean and Continent in Global Strategy,” Comparative Strategy, Vol. 7, No. 4 (1988), pp. 439–444.

“Maritime Strategy: Europe and the World Beyond,” Naval Forces, Vol. IX, No. V (1988), pp. 28–41.

“Another ‘Weary Titan’? The United States and the Balance of Power,” Defense Science, Vol. 7, No. 7 (July 1988), pp. 56–59.

“ASAT for Space Control—Wanted Yet Missing,” Defense Science, Vol. 7, No. 6 (June 1988), pp. 38–41. 

“Space Warfare—Part II: Principles, Weapons and Tactics,” National Defense, Vol. LXXII, No. 435 (February 1988), pp. 39–43. 

“Space WarfarePart I, The Need for Doctrine,” National Defense, Vol. LXXII, No. 434 (January 1988), pp. 25–28. 

“Blundering On: Arms Control Without Strategy. . . Again,” Defense Science, Vol. 7, No. 3 (March 1988), pp. 53–55.

“The Maritime Strategy—1988. . . Global Deterrent?” U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, Vol. 114, No. 2 (February 1988), pp. 52–59.

“Gresham’s Triumph: Or Why the INF Treaty is a Bad Idea,” National Security Record, No. 109 (January 1988), p. 5.

“National Signatures in Defense,” Defense Science, Vol 7, No. 1 (January 1988), pp. 24–26.

“NATO: Time to Call It a Day?” The National Interest, No. 10 (Winter 1987/88), pp. 13–26. 


“The Maritime Strategy from the Kremlin’s Point of View,” U.S Naval Institute Professional Seminar Series, 24 April, 1987.

“ICBM’s and Deterrence: The Controversy Over Prompt Launch,” The Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 10, No. 3 (September 1987), pp. 285–309.

“The Gorbachev Offensive.” Society, Vol 24, No. 5 (July/August 1987), pp. 38–44. 

“Western Security and the Pacific: A Geopolitical Perspective,” NATO’s Sixteen Nations, Vol. 32, No. 2 (April 1987), pp. 62–47.

“Maritime Strategy and the Pacific: Some Implications for NATO,” Naval War College Review, Vol, XXXX, No. 1 (Winter 1987), pp. 8–19.

“Understanding Nuclear Strategy,” Defense Science and Electronics, Vol. 6, No. 1 (January 1987), pp. 82–85.


“Keeping the Soviets Landlocked: Geostrategy for a Maritime America,” The National Interest, No. 4 (Summer 1986), pp. 24–36.

“Nuclear Delusions,” Policy Review, No. 37 (Summer 1986), pp. 48–53.

“The Transition from Offense to Defense,” The Washington Quarterly, Vol. IX, No. 3 (Summer 1986), pp. 59–72.

“Why the SDI Is Good for Arms Control,” Defense Science 2004+, Vol. 5, No. 1 (February/March 1986), pp. 17–24.

“Maritime Strategy,” U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, February 1986.


“Space Arms Control: A Skeptical view,” Air University Review, Vol. XXXVII, No. 1 (November/December 1985), pp. 73–86.

“Verification of Non–Compliance: The Problem of Response,” Defense Science 2003+, Vol. 4, No. 5 (October/November 1985), pp. 29–39.

“Inexcusable Restraint: The Decline in U.S. Military Power in the 1970s,” International Security, Vol. 10, No. 2 (Fall 1985), pp. 27–69.

“The Nuclear Winter Thesis and U.S. Strategic Policy,” The Washington Quarterly, Vol. 8, No. 3 (Summer 1985) pp. 85–96.

“The Strategic Defense Initiative: 13 Issues,” Defense Science 2003+, Vol. 4, No. 3 (June/July 1985), pp. 36–46.

“A Case for Strategic Defence,” Survival, Vol. XXVII, No. 2 (March/April 1985), pp. 26–40.

The Heritage Lectures No. 40, A Roundtable Discussion, SALT II: Rest in Peace (Washington D.C.: Heritage Foundation, March 28, 1985), pp. 12–16, 19, 21, 25–56, 27–28, 31, 32–34.

“Strategic Defense, Deterrence, and the Prospects for Peace,” Ethics, Vol. 95, No. 3 (March 1985), pp. 21–36.

“Defense Planning and the Duration of War,” Defense Analysis, Vol. 1, No. 1 (March 1985), pp. 21–36.

“SDI Necessary for National Security,” Defense Science 2003+, Vol. 4, No. 1 (February 1985), pp. 14–19.


“Comparative Strategic Culture,” Parameters, Vol. XIV, No. 4 (Winter 1984), pp. 26–33.

“Planning for U.S. Security Interests,” U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, Vol 100, No. 12 (December 1984, pp. 37–43.

“Moscow Is Cheating,” Foreign Policy, No. 56 (Fall 1984), pp. 141–152.

“International Order and American Power,” Air University Review, Vol. XXXV, No. 6 (September–October 1984), pp. 26–34.

“Deterrence, Arms Control, and the Defense Transition,” Orbis, Vol. 28, No. 2 (Summer 1984), pp. 227–240.

“Why an ASAT Treaty is a Bad Idea,” Aerospace America, Vol. 22, No. 4 (April 1984), pp. 70–74.

(with Barry R. Schneider) “The Soviet Military Space Program,” Signal, Vol. 39, No. 4 (December 1984), pp. 69–73.

“War Fighting for Deterrence,” The Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 7, No. 1 (March 1984), pp. 5–28.

(With Keith B. Payne) “Nuclear Policy and the Defensive Transition,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 62, No. 4 (Spring 1984), pp. 820–842.


“Abiding Realities and Strategic Needs,” Air Force Magazine, Vol. 66, No. 7 (July 1983), pp. 73–76.

“NATO Defense and Arms Reduction Proposals,” Military Review, Vol. LXIII, No. 10 (October 1983), pp. 62–68.

“Nuclear Freeze?” Parameters, Vol. XIII, No. 2 (July 1983), pp. 74–80.

“Space is Not a Sanctuary,” Survival, Vol. XXV., No. 5 (September/October 1983), pp. 194–204.

“Response to ‘The Strategist’s Vocation’,” Survival, Vol. XXV, No. 4 (July/August 1983), pp. 175–176.

(With Keith B. Payne), “Nuclear Strategy: Is There a Future?” The Washington Quarterly, Vol. 6, No. 3 (Summer 1983), pp. 55–66.

“Nuclear Strategy: A Regrettable Necessity,” SAIS Review Vol. 3, No. 1 (Winter–Spring 1983), pp. 13–28.


The Heritage Lectures No 14, A Heritage Roundtable: The Nuclear Freeze (Washington, D.C.: Heritage Foundation, 1982), pp. 10–14, 19–21, 25–26, 27–28.

“NATO’s Nuclear Dilema,” Policy Review, No. 22 (Fall 1982), pp. 97–116. 

“Defense, Deterrence, and Doctrine,” Naval War College Review, Vol XXXV, No. 4 (July/ August 1982), pp. 38–43.

“Why Does the United States Need ICBM’s?” NATO’s Fifteen Nations, Vol. 27, No. 4 (August/September 1982), pp. 80–84.

“’Dangerous to Your Health’ The Debate Over Nuclear Strategy and War,” Orbis, Vol. 26, No. 2 (Summer 1982), pp. 327–349.

“The Idea of Strategic Superiority,” Air Force Magazine, Vol. 65, No. 3 (March 1982), pp. 62–63. 

“Wanted:  An Arms Control Policy,” Arms Control Today, Vol. 12, No. 2 (February 1982), pp. 1–3, 8–9.

“Reflections on Empire: The Soviet Connection,” Military Review, Vol. LXII, No. 1 (January 1982), pp. 2–13.


(With Rebeca V. Strode) “The Imperial Dimension of Soviet Military Power,” Problems of Communism, Vol. XXX, No. 6 (November –December 1981), pp. 1–15.

“Strategic Forces: The Reagan Story,” International Security Review, Vol. 6, No. 4 (Winter 1981/1982), pp. 437–447.

“Strategic Forces, General Purpose Forces, and Crisis Management,” The Annals, Vol. 457 (September 1981), pp. 67–77.

“The MX ICBM and Nuclear Strategy,” International Defense Review, Vol. 14, No. 7 (1981), pp. 855–862.

“Issues and Non–Issues in the Nuclear Policy Debate,” The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Vol. 37, No. 10 (December 1981), pp. 47–49.

“National Style in Strategy: The American Example,” International Security, Vol. 6, No. 2 (Fall 1981), pp. 21–47.

“Presidential Directive (PD) 59: Flawed But Useful,” Parameters, Vol. XI, No. 1 (March 1981), pp. 29–37.

“A New Debate on Ballistic Missile Defense,” Survival, Vol. XXIII No. 2 (March/ April 1981), pp. 60–71.

“The Most Dangerous Decade: Historic Mission, Legitimacy, and Dynamics of the Soviet Empire in the 1980s,” Orbis, Vol. 25, No. 1 (Spring 1981), pp. 13–28. 


“Strategic Stability Reconsidered,” Daedalus, Vol. 109, No. 4 (Fall 1980), pp. 135–154.

“Force Postures, Arms Races, and the Future of SALT,” Comparative Strategy, Vol. 2, No. 2 (1980), pp. 113–128.

(With Keith B. Payne) “Victory Is Possible,” Foreign Policy, No. 39 (Summer 1980), pp. 14–27.

“Arms Control in Soviet Policy,” Air Force Magazine, Vol. 63, No. 3 (March 1980), pp. 66–71.

“Targeting Problems for Central War,” Naval War College Review, Vol XXXIII, No. 1 (January/February 1980), pp. 3–21.


“SALT II:  The Real Debate,” Policy Review, No. 10 (Fall 1979) pp. 7–22.

“The Salt II Debate in Context,” Survival, Vol XXI, No. 5 (September/October 1979), pp. 202–205.

“The Military Requirements of U.S. Strategy,” Military Review, Vol LIX, No. 9 (September 1979), pp. 2–13.

“Nuclear Strategy: The Case for a Theory of Victory,” International Security, Vol. 4, No. 1 (Summer 1979), pp. 54–87.

“The MX ICBM: Why We Need It,” Air Force Magazine, Vol. 62, No. 8 (August 1979), pp. 66–71.

“Soviet Strategic Vulnerabilities,” Air Force Magazine, Vol. 62, No. 3 (March 1979), pp. 60–64.

“SALT and U.S. Policy,” The Washington Quarterly, Vol. 2 No. 1 (Winter 1979).pp. 73–82.

“NATO Strategy and the ‘Neutron Bomb’,” Policy Review, No. 7 (Winter 1979), pp. 7–26.


“Soviet Tactical Airpower,” NATO’s Fifteen Nations, Vol. 23, No. 4 (Summer 1978), pp. 46–52.

“Does Theory Lead Technology?” International Journal, Vol. XXXIII, No. 3 (Summer 1978), pp. 506–523.

“The Strategic Forces Triad: End of the Road?” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 56, No. 4 (July 1978), pp. 771–789.

“Vietnam Three Years Later: Looking Back on a Lost Opportunity,” National Review, Vol. XXX, No. 19 (May 12, 1978), pp. 580–583.

“The MX Debate,” Survival, Vol. XX, No. 3 (May/June 1978), pp. 105–112.

“Force Planning, Political Guidance and the Decision to Fight,” Military Review, Vol. LVIII, No. 4 (April 1978), pp. 5–16.

“Soviet Rocket Forces: Military Capability, Political Utility,” Air Force Magazine, Vol. 61, No. 3 (March 1978), pp. 49–55.

“Think Tanks and Public Policy,” International Journal, Vol. XXXIII, No. 1 (Winter 1977 –8), pp. 177–194.


“Arms Control: The American Way,” The Wilson Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 5 (Autumn 1977), pp. 94–99.

“Who’s Afraid of the Cruise Missile?” Orbis, Vol. XXI, No. 3 (Fall 1977), pp. 517–531.

“The End of SALT? U.S.—U.S.S.R. Negotiations,” Policy Review, No. 2 (Fall 1977), pp. 31–45.

“Across the Nuclear Divide: Strategic Studies Past and Present,” International Security, Vol 2, No. 1 (Summer 1977), pp. 24–46.

“Soviet Tactical Airpower,” Air Force Magazine, Vol. 60, No. 3 March 1977), pp. 62–71.

“Arms Control in a Nuclear Armed World?” The Annals, Vol. 430 (March 1977), pp. 110–121.


“Detente, Arms Control and Strategy: Perspectives on SALT,” The American Political Science Review, Vol. LXX, No. 4 (December 1976), pp. 1242–1256.

“From Disarmament, to Arms Control, To. . .What?” Futures, Vol. VIII, No. 6 (December 1976), pp. 525–530.

“War and Peace—The Soviet View,” Air Force Magazine, Vol. LIX, No. 10 (October 1976), pp. 28–31.

“Foreign Policy—There Is No Choice,” Foreign Policy, No. 24 (Fall 1976), pp. 114–126.

“Nuclear Strategy: The Debate Moves On,” RUSI Journal, Vol. CXXI, No. 1 (March 1976), pp. 44–50.

“Theater Nuclear Weapons: Doctrines and Postures,” World Politics, Vol XXVIII, No. 2 (January 1976), pp. 300–314.


“SALT II and the Strategic Balance,” British Journal of International Studies, Vol. 1, No. 3 (October 1975), pp. 183–208.

“A Problem Guide to SALT II,” Survival, Vol.XVII, No. 5 (September –October 1975), pp. 230–234.

“Bargaining Chips and the Development of New Weapons,” Interstate, No. 2 (Spring 1975), pp. 14–22.

“SALT and the American Mood,” Strategic Review, Vol. III, No. 3 (Summer 1975), pp. 41–51.

“Hawks and Doves: Values and Policy,” Journal of Political and Military Sociology, Vol. 3, No. 1 (Spring 1975), pp. 85–94.

“New Weapons and the Resort to Force,” International Journal, Vol. XXX, No. 2 (Spring 1975), pp. 238–258.


“The Nuclear Connection,” Military Review, Vol. LIV, No. 9 (September 1975), pp. 3–13.

“Predicting Arms Race Behaviour,” Futures, Vol. 6, No. 5 (October 1974), pp. 380–388.

“Deterrence and Defense in Europe: Revising NATO’s Theatre Nuclear Posture,” RUSI Journal, Vol. 119, No. 4 (December 1976), pp. 3–11.

“Foreign Policy and the Strategic Balance,” Orbis, Vol. XVIII, No. 3 (Fall 1974), pp. 706–727.

“Mini–Nukes and NATO Strategy,” International Journal, Vol. XXIX, No. 2 (Spring 1974), pp. 216–241.

“From Superiority to Sub–Parity,”Orbis, Vol XVIII, No. 1 (Spring 1974), pp. 292–297.

“The Practice of Theory in International Relations,”Political Studies, Vol. XXII, No. 2 (June 1974), pp. 129–146.

“How Does the Nuclear Arms Race Work?” Cooperation and Conflict, Vol. IX, No. 4 (1974), pp. 285–295.

“Rethinking Nuclear Strategy,”Orbis, Vol. SVII, No. 4 (Winter 1974), pp. 1145–1160.

“The Urge to Compete: Rationales for Arms Racing,”World Politics, Vol. XXVI, No. 2 (January 1974), pp. 207–233.


“The ‘Second Wave’: New Directions in Strategic Studies,” RUSI Journal, Vol. 118, No. 4 (December 1973), pp. 35–41.

“The Security of Israel,” Military Review, Vol. LIII, No. 10 (October 1973), pp. 22–35.

“Still on the Team: NORAD in 1973,” Queen’s Quarterly, Vol. LXXX, No. 3 (Autumn 1973), pp. 398–404.

“Social Science and the Arms Race,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Vol. XXXIX, No. 6 (June 1973), pp. 23–26.

“Unsafe at Any Speed: A Critique of ‘Stable Deterrence’ Doctrine,” RUSI Journal, Vol. 118, No. 2 (June 1973), pp. 23–27.

“Of Bargaining Chips and Building Blocks: Arms Control and Defense Policy,” International Journal, Vol. XXVIII, No. 2 (Spring 1973), pp. 266–296.


“The Arms Race Is About Politics,” Foreign Policy, No. 9 (Winter 1972/73), pp. 117–129.

“The True North Strong and Free: Canadian Defense Policy in the 1970s,” The Round Table, No. 247, (July 1972), pp. 309–326.

“’Gap’ Prediction and America’s Defense: Arms Race Behavior in the Eisenhower years,” Orbis, Vol. XVI, No. 1 (Spring 1972), pp. 257–274. 

“Defense in the Seventies: A White Paper for All Seasons,” Canadian Defense Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 4 (Spring 1972), pp. 30–34.

“Air Defense: A Skeptical View,” Queen’s Quarterly, Vol. LXXIX, No. 1 (Spring 1972), pp. 3–13.

“Traffic Control For the Arms Trade?” Foreign Policy, No. 6 (Spring 1972), pp. 153–169.


“Strategic ‘Superiority’ in Super Power Relations,” Military Review, Vol. LI, No. 12 (December 1971), pp. 8–21.

“Strategists: Some Views Critical of the Profession,” International Journal, Vol. XXVI, No. 4 (Autumn 1971), pp. 771–790.

“The ABM and the Arms Race,” Aerospace Historian, Vol. 18, No. 1 (Spring 1971), pp. 16–32.

“What RAND Hath Wrought,” Foreign Policy, No. 4 (Fall 1971), pp. 111–129.

“The Rise and Fall of Academic Strategy,” RUSI Journal, Vol. CXVI, No. 662 (June 1971), pp. 56–57.

“The Need for Independent Canadian Strategic Thought,” Canadian Defense Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Summer 1971), pp. 6–12.

“Action and Reaction in the Nuclear Arms Race,” Military Review, Vol. LI, No. 8 (August 1971), pp. 16–26.

“The Arms Race Phenomenon,” World Politics, Vol.XXIV, No.1 (October 1971), pp. 39–79.