List of References

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A list of bibliographic references, links to scholarship, and other information about geopolitical analysis.


Geopolitics, Strategy, and Prediction

Introduction: Theory and Practice of Geopolitics

Craig Cohen and Josiane Gabel, eds., 2012 Global Forecast (CSIS 2012)

“A New Era of Geo-economics: Assessing the Interplay of Economic and Political Risk,” Seminar Papers, International Institute for Strategic Studies (2012)

Jeremy Black, Geopolitics (Social Affairs Unit, 2011)

Bert Chapman, Geopolitics: A Guide to the Issues (Praeger 2011).

Alexander Diener and Joshua Hagen (eds.) Borderlines and Borderlands: Political Oddities at the Edge of the Nation-State (Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2010).

DCDC Strategic Trends Programme, Global Strategic Trends – Out to 2040 (Ministry of Defence, UK, 2010)

The JOE 2010 (Joint Forces Command US, 2010).

Quadrednnial Intelligence Community Review: Scenarios: Alternative Futures the IC Could Face ([US] Office of the Director of National Intelligence, 2009).

Quadrennial Roles and Missions Review Report ([US] Department of Defense, 2009)

Klaus Dodds (ed), Geopolitics (SAGE, 2009).

America’s Security Role in a Changing World (National Defense University, 2009)

National Intelligence Council, “Global Trends 2025: A Transformed World”

The DCDC Global Strategic Trends Program, 2007-2036.

Alexander Nicoll and Jeffrey Mazo (eds.), Strategic Survey 2009 (Routledge, 2009).

Robert D. Kaplan, “The Revenge of Geography,” Foreign Policy (May/June 2009).

Anita Sengupta, Heartlands of Eurasia: The Geopolitics of Political Space (Lexington 2009).

Robert Kagan, “The End of the End of History: Why the Twenty-First Century will Look Like the Nineteenth,” The New Republic (April 23, 2008).

Hussein Solomon, Challenges to Global Security: Geopolitics and Power in an Age of Transition (I. B. Tauris, 2007).

Karen Rasler and William R. Thompson, Puzzles of the Democratic Peace: Theory, Geopolitics and the Transformation of World Politics (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005).

Brian W. Blouet (ed.), Global Geostrategy: Mackinder and the Defence of the West (Frank Cass, 2005).

Harm de Blij, Why Geography Matters: Three Challenges Facing America: Climate Change, The Rise of China, and Global Terrorism (Oxford U. P., 2005).

Colin Gray, “Clausewitz, History and the Future Strategic World,” Occasional Paper No. 47 (The Strategic and Combat Studies Institute, 2004), 1-24.

Colin S. Gray, “In Defense of the Heartland: Sir Halford Mackinder and His Critics a Hundred Years On,” Occasional Paper No. 47 (The Strategic and Combat Studies Institute, 2004), 25-44.

Philip Bobbitt, The Shield of Achilles: War, Peace and the Course of History (Anchor Books, 2003).

Francis Sempa, Geopolitics: From the Cold War to the 21st Century (Transaction Books, 2002)

Leonard Hochberg, “The Language of National Insecurity: Prediction, Strategy, and Geopolitics,” Journal of Global Competitiveness (9, 1, 2001), pp. 28-46 (without references and acknowledgements) and Advances in Competitiveness Research 10, 1 (2002), 42-70.

Walter A. McDougall, “You Can’t Argue with Geography,” FPRI Bulletins 6, 5 (2000).

Colin S. Gray and Geoffrey Sloan (eds.), Geopolitics, Geography and Strategy (Frank Cass, 1999).

Colin S. Gray, “Inescapable Geography,” Gray and Sloan (eds.), Geopolitics, Geography and Strategy (Frank Cass, 1999), 161-177.

George J. Demko and William B. Wood, Reordering the World: Geopolitical Perspectives on the Twenty-First Century (Westview Press, 1999).

Kathleen Braden and F.M. Shelley, Engaging Geopolitics (Prentice Hall, 1999).

Mark Robert Polelle, Raising Cartographic Consciousness (Lexington Books, 1999) – US, GB, and German geopolitical awareness from 1870 to present.

Mackubin Thomas Owens, “In Defense of Classical Geopolitics,” Naval War College Review, Vol. LII, No. 4 (Autumn, 1999).

David G. Hansen, “The Immutable Importance of Geography,” Parameters (Spring 1997), pp. 55-64.

Colin Gray, “The Continued Primacy of Geography,” Orbis (40, Spring 1996), pp. 247-259.

Peter J. Taylor, Political Geography: World-Economy, Nation-State, and Locality (Longman, 1993, 3rd Ed.)

Randall Collins, “Modern Technology and Geopolitics,” Weberian Sociological Theory (Cambridge U. P., 1986), pp. 145-185.

Paul Kennedy, “Mahan versus Mackinder: Two Interpretations of British Sea Power,” Strategy and Diplomacy 1870-1945 (Fontana Press, 1983).


Classical Studies and Commentaries

Alexandros Petersen, The World Island: Eurasian Geopolitics and the Fate of the West (Praeger, 2011).

Gerry Kearns, Geopolitics and Empire: The Legacy of Halford Mackinder (OUP 2009).

Francis Sempa, “Spykman’s World,” American Diplomacy, n.d.

Francis Sempa, “Mackinder’s World,” American Diplomacy, 5 (2000).

Nicholas John Spykman (Author). Francis Sempa (Introduction). America’s Strategy in World Politics (Transaction Books, 2007 reprint).

A. T. Mahan (Author). Francis P. Sempa (Introduction). The Interest Of America In International Conditions (Transaction Publishers, 2007 reprint).

A. T. Mahan (Author). Francis P. Sempa (Introduction). Problem of Asia: Its Effect upon International Politics (Transaction, 2003 reprint).

Karl Haushofer (Author), Lewis A. Tambs (Author, Editor), Ernst J. Brehm (Author, Translator), An English Translation and Analysis of Major General Karl Ernst Haushofer’s Geopolitics of the Pacific Ocean: Studies on the Relationship Between Geography and History (Edwin Mellen Press, 2002).

Nicholas John Spykman, The Geography of Peace (Harcourt, Brace & Company, 1944).

Andreas Dorpalen (Ed.), The World of General Haushofer: Geopolitics in Action (Farrar & Rinehart 1942)

Brooks Emeny, The Strategy of Raw Materials: A Study of America in Peace and War (MacMillan Co., 1938 [reprint 1934]).

Frank H. Simonds and Brooks Emeny, The Great Powers in World Politics: International Relations and Economic Nationalism (American Book Company, 1939 ed.).

Halford J. Mackinder, Democratic Ideals and Reality (Greenwood Press, 1981; reprint of 1962 Norton edition; Henry Holt, 1919).

Halford J. Mackinder, “The Geographical Pivot of History,” Geographical Journal, 23 (1904), pp. 421-44.

Halford J. Mackinder, Britain and the British Seas (Clarendon Press, 1902).

A. T. Mahan, Retrospect and Prospect: Studies in International Relations: Naval and Political (Kennikat Press, Inc. 1902).

A. T. Mahan, The Interest of America in Sea Power: Present and Future (Little Brown, 1898).

A. T. Mahan, The Influence of Sea Power upon History (Little Brown, 1890).

Thucydides (Author), Robert B. Strassler (Ed.), Victor Davis Hanson (Introduction), The Landmark Thucydides: A Comprehensive Guide to The Peloponnesian War (Simon & Schuster, 1998) – Given the remarkable cartographic display of the changing geostrategic situation, this is the essential edition for students of geopolitics.

“The Geopolitics Page.” A list of classics, etc.


Comparative Geopolitical Imperatives and Traditions

Klaus Dodds and David Atkinson, Geopolitical Traditions: A Century of Geopolitical Thought (Routledge, 2000).

Gertjan Dijkink, National Identity and Geopolitical Visions: Maps of Pride and Pain (Routledge, 1996).


Some Useful Atlases

Robert Cribb & Mason Hoadley, Palgrave Concise Historical Atlas of South East Asia (Palgrave Macmillan, 2007).

Stephen Burman, State of the American Empire: How the USA Shapes the World (U. California P., 2007).

Stephanie Hemelryk, Donald & Robert Benewick, State of China Atlas (U California P., 2005).

Dan Smith & Michael Kidron, State of the World Atlas (Penguin, 2003, 7th Ed.).

Dan Smith, State of War and Peace Atlas (Penguin, 2003, 3rd Rev. Ed.).

Dan Smith, State of the Middle East: An Atlas of Conflict (U. California P., 2007).

Ewan W. Anderson, International Boundaries: A Geopolitical Atlas (Routledge, 2003).

Ewan W Anderson, Global Geopolitical Flashpoints: An Atlas of Conflict (Routledge, 2000).

Ewan W Anderson, and John Channon, & Robert Hudson, Penguin Historical Atlas of Russia (Puffin, 1995).

Ewan W. Anderson, Don Shewan, & Gareth Owen, An Atlas of World Political Flashpoints: A Sourcebook of Geopolitical Crisis (Facts on File, 1993).


Strategic Thought and Action

John Baylis, James Wirtz, Colin S. Gray, & Eliot Cohen (Eds.), Strategy in the Contemporary World (Oxford U. P., 2007, 2nd ed.).

General Sir Rupert Smith, The Utility of Force: The Art of War in the Modern World (Allen Lane, 2005).

William Duggan, Napoleon’s Glance: The Secret of Strategy (Nation Books, 2002).

Bevin Alexander, How Wars are Won: The 13 Rules of War from Ancient Greece to the War on Terror (Three Rivers Press, 2002).

Michael I. Handel, Masters of War: Classical Strategic Thought (Frank Cass Publishers, 2001, 3rd ed.).

Liam Fahey and Robert M. Randall (Eds.), Learning from the Future: Competitive Foresight Scenarios (Wiley, 1997).

Williamson Murray, MacGregor Knox, & Alvin Bernstein, The Making of Strategy: Rulers, States and War (Cambridge U. P., 1999).

Harro Von Senger (Ed.) & trans. by Myron B. Gubitz, The Book of Strategems: Tactics for Triumph & Survival (Penguin Books, 1991).

Edward N. Luttwak, Strategy: The Logic of War and Peace (Harvard U. P., 1987).

Peter Paret (ed.), Makers of Modern Strategy From Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age (Princeton U. P., 1986).


Prediction

Peter Schwartz, Inevitable Surprises: Thinking Ahead in a Time of Turbulence (Gotham Books, 2003).

Wil Hout and Robert H. Lieshout, “The Limits of Theory: Detecting Contemporary Global Change and Predicting the Future of the States System” Kees Van Kersbergen, et. al. (eds.), Expansion and Fragmentation: Internationalization, Political Change and the Transformation of the Nation State (Amsterdam U. P., 1999), pp. 43-70.

David Jablonsky, “Time’s Arrow, Time’s Cycle: Metaphors for a Period of Transition,” Parameters (Winter 1997-98), pp. 4-27.

Hamish McRae, The World in 2020: Power, Culture and Prosperity (Harvard Business School Press, 1994).

Peter Schwartz, The Art of the Long View: Planning for the Future in an Uncertain World (Doubleday, 1991).


Geopolitics of the 21st Century

Yiannis G. Mostrous, Elliott H. Gue and David F. Dittman, The Rise of the State: Profitable Investing and Geopolitics in the 21st Century (F & T Press, 2010).

Laurent Cohen-Tanugi and George Holoch Jr., The Shape of the World to Come: Charting the Geopolitics of a New Century (Columbia University Press, 2009).

Richard Jackson, Neil Howe, Keisuke Nakashima and Rebecca Strauss, The Graying of the Great Powers: Demography and Geopolitics in the 21st Century (Center for Strategic & International Studies, 2008).

C. Dale Walton, Geopolitics and the Great Powers in the 21st Century: Multipolarity and the Revolution in Strategic Perspective (Routledge, 2007).


Geopolitics and Predicting the Collapse of the Soviet Union

Randall Collins, “The Geopolitical Basis of Revolution: The Prediction of the Soviet Collapse,” Macrohistory: Essays in the Sociology of the Long Run (Stanford U. P., 1999), pp. 17-69.

Randall Collins, “The Future Decline of the Russian Empire,” Weberian Sociological Theory (Cambridge U. P., 1986), pp. 186-209.

Hélène Carrère d’Encausse, Decline of an Empire: The Soviet Socialist Republics in Revolt (Harper Colophon Books, 1979).


Master Trends

Geopolitics of Globalization

Thomas L. Friedman, The World is Flat (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2005).

Jeffrey D. Sachs, Andrew D. Mellinger & John L. Gallup, “The Geography of Wealth and Poverty,” Scientific American (March 2001, v. 284, no. 3), pp. 70-75.

John Micklethwait & Adrian Wooldridge, A Future Perfect: The Challenge and Hidden Promise of Globalization (Times Books; 2000), pp. 3-77.

Robert Gilpin, Global Political Economy: Understanding the International Economic Order (Princeton UP 2001).

Brian W. Blouet, Geopolitics and Globalization in the Twentieth Century (Reaktion Books, 2001).

Robert Chase, “International Finance, Trade, and the Pivotal States,” Robert Chase, Emily Hill, and Paul Kennedy (eds.), The Pivotal States (Norton, 1999), pp. 360-378.

Peter J. Hugill, Global Communications since 1844: Geopolitics and Technology (Johns Hopkins UP, 1999).

Thomas L. Friedman, The Lexus and the Olive Tree: Understanding Globalization (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1999).

Peter J. Hugill, World Trade since 1431: Geography, Technology and Capitalism (Johns Hopkins UP, 1993).

Paul Knox & John Agnew, The Geography of the World Economy (Edward Arnold, 2nd ed., 1989).


Geopolitics & The Clash of Civilizations?

Open Society Institute, Muslims in Europe: A Report on 11 EU Cities (Decmeber 2009)

James C. Bennett, The Anglosphere Challenge: Why the English-Speaking Nations Will Lead the Way in the Twenty-First Century (Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 2007).

Amy Chua, World on Fire: How Exporting Free Market Democracy Breeds Ethnic Hatred and Global Instability (Doubleday, 2003).

Bernard Lewis, What Went Wrong?  Western Impact and Middle Eastern Response (Oxford U. P., 2002).

Bernard Lewis, “What Went Wrong?” Atlantic Monthly (January 2002), pp. 43-45.

Roger Scruton, The West and the Rest (ISI Books, 2002).

Robert D. Kaplan, “Looking the World in the Eye,” Atlantic Monthly (December 2001), pp. 68-82.

Bernard Lewis, “Annals of Religion: The Revolt of Islam,” The New Yorker (November 19, 2001), pp. 50-63.

Eileen F. Babbitt, “Ethnic Conflict and the Pivotal States,” Robert Chase, Emily Hill, and Paul Kennedy (eds.), The Pivotal States (Norton, 1999).

Salim Rashid, The Clash of Civilizations? Asian Responses (Oxford University Press, 1998).

Foreign Affairs Editor’s Choice, Clash of Civilizations: The Debate (W.W. Norton, 1996).

Samuel P. Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order (Simon and Schuster, 1996).

Roy P. Mottahedeh, “The Clash of Civilizations: An Islamicist’s Critique,” Harvard Middle Eastern and Islamic Review, 2 (Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Harvard University, 1995), pp. 1-26.

Matthew Connelly and Paul Kennedy, “Must it be the Rest against the West?” Atlantic Monthly (December 1994), pp. 61-83.

Samuel Huntington, “The Clash of Civilizations,” Foreign Affairs, 72/3 (July-August, 1993), pp. 22-49.

Bernard Lewis, “Islam and Liberal Democracy,” Atlantic Monthly (February 1993), pp. 89-93.


Geopolitics of Nationalism

Monica Duffy Toft, The Geography of Ethnic Violence: Identity, Interests, and the Indivisibility of Territory (Princeton University Press, 2003).

James Chance, “The Wilsonian Moment?” The Wilson Quarterly (Autumn 2001), pp. 34-41.

George W. White, Nationalism and Territory: Constructing Group Identity in Southeastern Europe (Rowman & Littlefield, 2000).

William Pfaff, “The Absence of Empire,” The New Yorker (August 10, 1992), pp. 59-64 and 66-69.


The New World Disorder

Robert D. Kaplan, The Coming Anarchy: Shattering the Dreams of the Post-Cold War (Random House, 2000).

Robert D. Kaplan, “The Lawless Frontier,” Atlantic Monthly (September 2000), pp. 66-81.

Robert D. Kaplan, “Where Europe Vanishes,” Atlantic Monthly (November 2000), pp. 67-81.

Robert D. Kaplan, Eastward to Tartary: Travels in the Balkans, the Middle East, and the Caucasus (Random House, 2000).

Jack A. Goldstone, “Population and Pivotal States,” Robert Chase, Emily Hill, and Paul Kennedy (eds.), The Pivotal States (Norton, 1999), pp. 247-269.

Paul Kennedy, “Doomsterism,” New York Review of Books (September 19, 1966), pp. 20-22 – An important review of The Ends of the Earth.

Robert D. Kaplan, The Ends of the Earth: A Journey at the Dawn of the 21st Century (Random House, 1996).

Robert D. Kaplan, Balkan Ghosts: A Journey through History (St. Martins Press, 1993).

Robert D. Kaplan, “History’s Cauldron,” Atlantic Monthly (June 1991), pp. 92-104.

A list of recently published articles by Robert D. Kaplan may be found here.


The Struggle for Strategic Resources

Michael Klare, Rising Powers, Shrinking Planet: The New Geopolitics of Energy (Holt, 2009).

David G. Victor, Amy M. Jaffe, Mark H. Hayes (eds.), Natural Gas and Geopolitics: From 1970 to 2040 (Cambridge UP, 2006).

P. Le Billon, The Geopolitics of Resource Wars (Cass Studies in Geopolitics, 2005).

Sandra L. Postel & Aaron T. Wolf, “Dehydrating Conflict,” Foreign Policy (Sept./Oct. 2001), pp. 60-67.

Michael Klare, Resource Wars: The New Landscape of Global Conflict (Metropolitan Books, 2001).

Michael Klare, “The New Geography of Conflict,” Foreign Affairs (May/June 2001), pp. 49-61.

David G. Haglund, “The New Geopolitics of Minerals,” Political Geography Q. (5, 3, July 1986), pp. 221-240.

Daniel C. Esty, “Pivotal States and the Environment,” Robert Chase, Emily Hill, and Paul Kennedy (eds.), The Pivotal States (Norton, 1999), pp.29-314.

Thomas F. Homer-Dixon, Environment, Scarcity, and Violence (Princeton U.P., 1999).

Ewan W. Anderson & Liam D. Anderson, Strategic Minerals: Resource Geopolitics and Global Geo-Economics (Wiley, 1998).

Leif Roderick Rosenberger, “The Strategic Importance of the World Food Supply,” Parameters (Spring 1997), pp. 84-105.

Kent Hughes Butts, “The Strategic Importance of Water,” Parameters (Spring 1997), pp. 65-83.


The Underside of Globalization

The Geopolitics of Terrorism, Narcotics, Narco-terrorism, Piracy, Gunrunning, Mercenaries, & Money laundering, etc.

Terrorism

Stanley D. Brunn (ed.), 11 September and Its Aftermath: The Geopolitics of Terror (Frank Cass, 2004).

Marc Sageman, Understanding Terror Networks (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004).

Kent Mathewson and Michael Steinberg, “Drug Production, Commerce, and Terrorism,” Susan L. Cutter, Douglas B. Richardson, and Thomas J. Wilbanks (eds.), The Geographic Dimension of Terrorism (Routledge, 2003), pp. 59-66.

Loretta Napoleoni, George Magnus (Introduction), John Cooley, Modern Jihad: Tracing the Dollars Behind the Terror Networks (Pluto, 2003).

Rohan Gunaratna, Inside Al Qaeda: Global Network of Terror (Columbia U.P., 2002).

Gilles Kipel, Jihad: The Trail of Political Islam (Harvard UP, 2002).

Ralph Peters, “Rolling Back Radical Islam,” Parameters, Autumn, 2002: 4-16. http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usawc/Parameters/02autumn/peters.htm

Roger Scruton, The West and the Rest: Globalization and the Terrorist Threat (ISI Books, 2001).

Brynjar Lia & Annika S. Hansen, Globalisation and the Future of Terrorism: Patterns and Prediction (Frank Cass, 1999).


Narcotics

Vanda Felbab-Brown, Narco-belligerents Across the Globe: Lessons from Colombia for Afghanistan?  (Elcano Royal Insstitute, 2009).

Kathryn Meyer & Terry Parssinen, Webs of Smoke: Smugglers, Warlords, Spies, and the History of the International Drug Trade (Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 1998).

Geopolitical Drug Watch, The Geopolitics of Drugs (Northeastern U.P., 1996).

Observatoire géopolitique des drogues


Global Black Markets

R. T. Naylor, Wages of Crime: Black Markets, Illegal Finance, and the Underworld Economy (Cornell U. P., 2002).

H. Richard Friman and Peter Andreas, The Illicit Global Economy and State Power (Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 1999).


Piracy

William Langewiesche, The Outlaw Sea : A World of Freedom, Chaos, and Crime (North Point Press, 2004).

William Langewiesche, “Anarchy at Sea,” Atlantic Monthly, September 2003.

John S. Burnett, Dangerous Waters: Modern Piracy and Terror on the High Seas (Plume Books [Reprint edition], 2003).

Jack A. Gottschalk, Brian P. Flanagan, Lawrence J. Kahn, & Dennis M. Larochelle, Jolly Roger With an Uzi: The Rise and Threat of Modern Piracy (Naval Institute Press, 2000).


Gun Running

Gideon Burrows, The No-Nonsense Guide to the Arms Trade (Verso, 2002).

Lora Lumpe, Running Guns: The Global Black Market in Small Arms (Zed Books, 2000).


Mercenaries

P.W. Singer, Corporate Warriors: The Rise of the Privatized Military Industry (Cornell University Press, 2004).

James R. Davis, Fortune’s Warriors: Private Armies and the New World Order (Douglas & McIntyre, 2002).


Global and Regional Geopolitical Interactions

Global and Regional Geopolitics

Saul Bernard Cohen, Geopolitics: The Geography of International Relations (Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2008).

Thomas P.M. Barnett, The Pentagon’s New Map (G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 2004), pp. 1-294).

Saul Bernard Cohen, Geopolitics of the World System (Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 2003).

Barry Buzan & Ole Wæver, Regions and Powers: The Structure of International Security (Cambridge U.P., 2003).

Bill Emmott, 20:21 Vision:  Twentieth-Century Lessons for the Twenty-First Century (FSG, 2003).

Thomas P. M. Barnett, “The Pentagon’s New Map,” Esquire, March 2003.

Alpo M. Rusi, Dangerous Peace: New Rivalry in World Politics (Westview, 1998).


The Geopolitics of Empire? United States and the World

Peter H. Sand, United States and Britain in Diego Garcia: The Future of a Controversial Base (Palgrave Macmillan, 2009).

Francis P. Sempa, America’s Global Role: Essays and Reviews on National Security, Geopolitics, and War (UP of America, 2009).

Peter J. Katzenstein, A World of Regions: Asia and Europe in the American Imperium (Cornell U. P., 2005).

Zbigniew Brzezinski, The Choice: Global Domination or Global Leadership (Basic Books, 2004).

Charles Krathammer, “Democratic Realism: An American Foreign Policy for a Unipolar World,” 2004 Irving Kristol Lecture delivered to the American Enterprise Institute on February 10, 2004 & posted February 12, 2004 (Washington DC).

Chalmers Johnson, The Sorrows of Empire: Militarism, Secrecy, and the End of the Republic (Metropolitan Books, 2004).

Anonymous, Imperial Hubris: Why the West is Losing the War on Terror (Brassey’s, Inc., 2004).

William E. Odom and Robert Dujarric, America’s Inadvertent Empire (Yale University Press, 2004).

Deepak Lal, In Praise of Empires: Globalization and Order (Palgrave Macmillan, 2004).

Eliot Cohen, “History and the Hyperpower,” Foreign Affairs (July/August 2004), pp. 49-63.

Dimitry Simes, “America’s Imperial Dilemma,” Foreign Affairs (Nov./Dec. 2003), pp. 91-102.

Robert Harvey, Global Disorder: America and the Threat of World Conflict (Carrol and Graf, Publishers, 2003).

Charles Fairbanks, “Being There,” and Andrew Bacevich, “Steppes to Empire,” in “Bases of Debate: America in Central Asia,” The National Interest (Summer 2002), pp. 39-53.

Charles Kupchan, The End of the American Era: U.S. Foreign Policy and the Geopolitics of the Twenty-first Century (Knopf, 2002).

Joseph S., Jr. Nye, The Paradox of American Power: Why the World’s Only Superpower Can’t Go It Alone (Oxford University Press, 2002).

Benjamin Schwarz and Christopher Layne, “A New Grand Strategy” Atlantic Monthly (January 2002), pp. 36-42.

Stephen Brooks & William Wohlforth, “American Primacy in Perpsective,” Foreign Affairs (July/Aug. 2002), pp. 20-33.

John J. Mearsheimer, The Tragedy of Great Power Politics (W.W. Norton, 2001).

Henry Kissinger, Does America Need a Foreign Policy? Toward A Diplomacy for the 21st Century (Simon & Schuster, 2001).

Martin Walker, “What kind of Empire?” The Wilson Quarterly (Summer 2002), pp. 36-49.

Zbigniew Brzezinski, The Geostrategic Triad : Living with China, Europe, and Russia (Center for Strategic & Int’l Studies, 2000).

Donald C. F. Daniel and Andrew L. Ross, “U.S. Strategic Planning and the Pivotal States,” Robert Chase, Emily Hill, and Paul Kennedy (eds.), The Pivotal States (Norton, 1999), pp. 379-410.
Zbigniew Brzezinski, The Grand Chessboard: American Primacy and Its Geostrategic Imperatives (Basic Books, 1997).

Geoffrey R. Sloan, Geopolitics in Unites States Strategic Policy (Wheatsheaf Books, 1988).


Russian Imperial Dreams and Strategic Nightmares

Walter Laqueur, Russia’s Muslim Strategy (National Security Studies Program, Weatherhead Center, Harvard University, 2009).

Bobo Lo, Axis of Convenience: Moscow, Beijing, and the New Geopolitics (Brookings Institution Press, 2009).

Irina Isakova, Russian Governance in the Twenty-first Century: Geo-strategy, Geopolitics and Governance (Frank Cass, 2007).

Thomas C. Reed, At the Abyss: An Insider’s History of the Cold War (Ballantine Books, 2004).

John P. Ledonne, The Grand Strategy of the Russian Empire: 1650-1831 (Oxford UP, 2003).

Peter Schweizer, Reagan’s War: The Epic Story of His Forty Year Struggle and Final Triumph Over Communism  (Doubleday, 2002).

Dmitri Trenin, The End of Eurasia: Russia on the Border Between Geopolitics and Globalization (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2002).

John O’Loughlin, “Geopolitical Fantasies, National Strategies and Ordinary Russians: Perception and Reality in the Post-Yeltsin Era,” Geopolitics, 6 (2001), 17-48.

Jeffrey Tayler, “Russia is Finished,” Atlantic Monthly (May 2001), pp. 35-52.

John Erickson, “‘Russia will not be Trifled With’: Geopolitical Facts and Fantasies,” in Gray and Sloan (eds.), Geopolitics, Geography and Strategy (Frank Cass, 1999), pp. 242-268.

Charles Clover, “Dreams of a Eurasian Heartland,” Foreign Affairs (March/April 1999), pp. 9-13.

Anton Weenink and Aad Correljé, “The Irrelevance of Globalization: The State and the Energy Sector in Russia’s Transformation,” Kees Van Kersbergen, et. al. (eds.), Expansion and Fragmentation: Internationalization, Political Change and the Transformation of the Nation State (Amsterdam U. P., 1999), pp. 145-160.

Garnett, Sherman W. “Russia and its Borderlands: A Geography of Violence,” Parameters (Spring 1997), pp. 4-21.

John P. LeDonne, The Russian Empire and the World, 1700-1917: The Geopolitics of Expansion and Containment (Oxford U.P. 1997).

Peter Schweizer, Victory: The Reagan Administration’s Secret Strategy That Hastened the Collapse of the Soviet Union (Atlantic Monthly Press, 1996).


The Revival of the Great Game: Central Asia and the Caucasus

Marlène Laruelle, Sébastien Peyrouse, Jean-François Huchet and Bayram Balci, China and India in Central Asia: A New “Great Game”? (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010).

Jeff M. Smith, “The Great Game: Round Three,” The Journal of International Security Affairs (Fall, 2009).

R. Hrair Dekmejian & Hovann H. Simonian, Troubled Waters: The Geopolitics of the Caspian Region (I. B. Tauris, 2003).

Ahmed Rashid, Jihad: The Rise of Militant Islam in Central Asia (Yale UP, 2002).
Yo’av Karny, Highlanders: A Journey to the Caucasus in Quest of Memory (Farrar Straus & Giroux, 2001).

Ahmed Rashid, Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism in Central Asia (Yale UP, 2000).

Hooshang Amirahmadi (ed.), The Caspian Region at a Crossroad: Challenges of a New Frontier of Energy and Development (Palgrave Macmillan; 2000).

Shams-ud-Din (ed.), Geopolitics And Energy Resources In Central Asia Caspian Sea Region (Lancer Press, 2000).

John F. R. Wright, Suzanne Goldenberg, Richar Schofield, Richard Schofield, (eds)., Transcaucasian Boundaries (Soas/Grc Geopolitics Series: 4), (Palgrave Macmillan, 1995).

Yaacov Ro’i (ed.), Muslim Eurasia: Conflicting Legacies (Frank Cass, 1995).

Ali Banuazizi and Myron Weiner (eds.), The New Geopolitics of Central Asia and its Borderlands (Indiana U. P., 1994).

John Roberts, Caspian Pipelines (Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1996).

Graham E. Fuller & Ian O. Lesser, Turkey’s New Geopolitics: From the Balkans to Western China (Westview Press, 1993).

M.B. Broxur (ed.), The North Caucasus Barrier: The Russian Advance Towards the Muslim World (C. Hurst & Co., 1992).


China as a New Eurasian Heartland? Taiwan as an Indispensable Maritime Rimland?

Colin Mackerras (ed.), China, Xinjiang and Central Asia (Routledge, 2011).

Aaron L. Friedberg, A Contest for Supremacy: China, America, and the Struggle for Mastery in Asia (W. W. Norton & Co. 2011).

Toshi Yoshihara and James R. Holmes, Red Star over the Pacific: China’s Rise and the Challenge to U.S. Maritime Strategy (Naval Institute Press, 2010).

Ralf Emmers, Geopolitics and Maritime Territorial Disputes in East Asia (Routledge, 2009).

Thrassy N. Marketos, China’s Energy Geopolitics: The Shanghai Cooperation Organization and Central Asia (Routledge, 2009).

Prasenjit Duara, The Global and Regional in China’s Nation-Formation (Routledge, 2009).

Robert D. Kaplan, “China’s Two Ocean Strategy,” ed. by Abraham Denmark and Nirav Patel, China’s Arrival: A Strategic Framework for a Global Relationship (Center for a New American Security, 2009, pp. 45-49).

Bobo Lo, Axis of Convenience: Moscow, Beijing, and the New Geopolitics (Brookings Institution Press, 2008).

Alan Wachman, Why Taiwan?: Geostrategic Rationales for China’s Territorial Integrity (Stanford UP, 2007).

William H. Overholt, Asia, America and the Transformation of Geopolitics (Cambridge UP, 2007).

David Shambaugh (ed.), Power Shift : China and Asia’s New Dynamics (University of California Press, 2006).

Robyn Lim, Geopolitics of East Asia The Search for Equilibrium (Routledge, 2005).

Avery Goldstein, Rising To The Challenge: China’s Grand Strategy And International Security (Stanford University Press, 2005).

Ross Terrill, The New Chinese Empire (Basic Books, 2003).

Michael D. Swaine and Ashley J. Tellis, Interpreting China’s Grand Strategy (Rand, 2000).

Charles Horner, “The Other Orientalism: China’s Islamist Problem,” The National Interest (Spring 2002), pp. 37-45.

Thomas M. Kane, Chinese Grand Strategy and Maritime Power (Frank Cass, 2002).

Kjeld Erik Brodsgaard and Bertel Heurlin, China: a Place in Global Geopolitics: International, Regional and Domestic Challenges (Curzon Press, 2002).

Julie M. Rahm, “Russia, China, India: A New Strategic Triangle for a New Cold War?” Parameters (Winter 2001-02), pp. 87-97.  INTERNET:  http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usawc/Parameters/01winter/rahm.htm

Kurt Campbell and Derek Mitchell, “Crisis in the Taiwan Strait,” Foreign Affairs (July/August 2001), pp. 14-25.

John Bryan Starr, Understanding China: A Guide to China’s Economy, History, and Political Culture (Hill & Wang, 2001).

George Gilboy & Eric Heginbotham, “China’s Coming Transformation,” Foreign Affairs (July/August 2001), pp. 26-39.

Shalendra D. Sharma (Ed.), The Asia-Pacific in the New Millennium: Geopolitics, Security, and Foreign Policy (Institute of East Asian Studies; 2000).

Rumley, Dennis, Chiba, Tatsuya, Takagi, Akihiko and Fukushima, Yoriko (eds.) Global Geopolitical Change and the Asia-Pacific: A Regional Perspective (Avebury, 1996)

Willem Van Kemenade, China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Inc.: The Dynamics of a New Empire (Vintage, 1997).
Yasheng Huang, “Why China Will Not Collapse,” Foreign Policy (Summer 1995, no. 99), pp. 54-68.

Lim Joo-Jock, Territorial Power Domains, Southeast Asia and China : The Geo-Strategy of an Overarching Massif (Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1984).


Post-Soviet Europe: NATO and European Integration

Warwick Armstrong and James Anderson, Geopolitics of European Union Enlargement: The Fortress Empire (Routledge, 2009).

Michael Sutton, France and the Construction of Europe, 1944 to 2007: The Geopolitical Imperative (Berghahn Books, 2007).

Hans Mouritzen, The Geopolitics of Euro-Atlantic Integration (Routledge, 2006).

Miroslawa Czerny (ed.), Poland in the Geographical Centre of Europe: Political, Social and Economic Consequences (Nova Science Publisher, 2006).

Robert Kagan, Of Paradise and Power: America and Europe in the New World Order (Vintage, 2004).

T. R. Reid, The United States of Europe: The New Superpower and the End of American Supremacy (Penguin, 2004).

Nancy Popson, “Where does Europe End?” The Wilson Quarterly (Summer 2002), pp. 13-19 – an essay on the Ukraine.

Jeffrey Taylor, “The Next Threat to NATO,” Atlantic Monthly (Feb. 2002), pp. 69-72.

Howard J. Wiarda, “Where does Europe End? The Politics of NATO and EU Enlargement,” World Affairs (Spring 2002), pp. 147-197.

Robert Kagan, “Power and Weakness,” Policy Review (June & July 2002), pp. 3-28.

Gusztáv Molnár, “The Vanishing of In-Between Europe,” Frank T. Zsigó and György Horváth (eds.), Regio: Minorities, Politics and Society (Teleki László Institute, 2000/1).

Andrew H. Dawson and Rick Fawn (eds.), The Changing Geopolitics of Eastern Europe (Frank Cass Publishers, 2001).

Dimitris Xenakis & Dimitris N. Chryssochoou (eds.), The Emerging Euro-Mediterranean System (Manchester UP; 2001).

Ignac Romsics & Bela K. Kiraly (eds.), Geopolitics in the Danube Region: Hungarian Reconciliation Efforts, 1848-1998 (Central European University Press, 1999).

Michael Heffernan, The Meaning of Europe: Geography and Geopolitics (Arnold, 1998).

John Hillen & Michael P. Noonan, “The Geopolitics of NATO Enlargement,” Parameters (Autumn 1998), pp. 21-34.

Ola Tunander, Victoria Ingrid Einagel & Pavel Baev (eds.), Geopolitics in Post-Wall Europe: Security, Territory and Identity (Sage Publications; 1997).

John Newhouse, Europe Adrift: The Conflicting Demands of Unity, Nationalism, Economic Security, Political Stability and Military Readiness Now Facing a Europe Seeking to Redefine Itself (Pantheon Books, 1997).

Geoffrey R. Sloan, The Geoplitics of Anglo-Irish Relations (Cassell, 1997).

Karel De Gucht, Stephan Keukeleire, & Karel De Gucht, Time and Tide Wait for No Man: The Changing European Geopolitical Landscape (John Praeger, 1991).


Greater Middle East

Ramzy Mardini, “Relations with Iraq’a Kurds: Toward a Working Partnership,” Institute for the Study of War (April 3, 2012).

Mehran Kamrava (ed.), International Politics of the Persian Gulf  (Syracuse UP, 2011).

Kristian Coates-Ulrichsen, Insecure Gulf: The End of Certainty and the Transition to the Post-Oil Era (Columbia UP, 2011).

Colbert C. Held and John Thomas Cummings, Middle East Patterns: Places, Peoples, and Politics (Westview Press, 2010).

Mohammed Moustafa Orfy, NATO and the Middle East: The Geopolitical Context Post-9/11 (Routledge, 2010).

Stratfor, The Geopolitcs of Israel and the Palestinians: The Intelligence Behind the Headlines(CreateSpace, 2009).

Anoushiravan Ehteshami, Globalization and Geopolitics in the Middle East: Old Games, New Rules (T & F Books, 2009).

W. Andrew Terrill, Jordanian National Security and the Future of Middle East Stability (CreateSpace, 2008).

Dona J. Stewart, The Middle East Today: Political, Geographical and Cultural Perspectives (Routledge, 2008).

Richard N. Dralonge (ed.), Economics and Geopolitics of the Middle East (Nova Science Publisher, 2008).

George Friedman, America’s Secret War: Inside the Hidden Worldwide Struggle Between America and Its Enemies (Doubleday, 2004),

Martin Van Creveld, Defending Israel: A Controversial Plan Toward Peace (Thomas Dunne Books, 2004).

Ewan W. Anderson, The Middle East: Geography and Geopolitics (Routledge, 2002).

Colberg C. Held, Middle East Patterns: Places, Peoples, and Politics (Westview Press, 2000, 3rd ed.).

Geoffrey Kemp & Robert E. Harkavy, Strategic Geography and the Changing Middle East (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1998).

Jamal S. al-Suwaidi (ed.), Iran and the Gulf: A Search for Stability (The Emirates Center for Strategic Studies & Research, 1996).

Graham E. Fuller, A Sense of Siege: The Geopolitics of Islam and the West (Westview Press 1995).

Graham E. Fuller and Ian O. Lesser, Turkey’s New Geopolitics: From the Balkans to Western Europe (Westview Press, 1993).

Lawrence Freedman and Efraim Karsh, The Gulf Conflict, 1990-91: Diplomacy and War in the New World Order (Princeton U. P., 1993).


India, South Asia, and the Indian Ocean

Mohan Malik, China and India: Great Power Rivals (FirstForum Press, 2011).

David Scott (ed.), Handbook of India’s International Relations (Routledge, 2011).

Nivedita Das Kundu (ed.), Russia India China: Evolution of Geo-Political Strategic Trends (Academic Foundation, 2011).

Manoj Gupta, Indian Ocean Region: Maritime Regimes for Regional Cooperation (Springer, 2010).

Robert D. Kaplan, Monsoon: The Indian Ocean and the Future of American Power (Random House, 2010).

Abdul Gafoor Abdul Majeed Noorani, India-China Boundary Problem, 1846-1947 (Oxford UP, 2010).

Timothy Doyle and Melissa Risely (eds.), Crucible for Survival: Environmental Security and Justice in the Indian Ocean Region (Rutgers UP, 2008).

Parshotam L. Mehra, Essays in Frontier History: India, China, and the Disputed Border (Oxford UP, 2006).

Robert D. Kaplan, “Center Stage for the 21st Century: Power Plays in the Indian Ocean,” Foreign Affairs 88, 2 (March/April 2009): 16-32.

David Smith, Growling Tiger, Roaring Dragon: India, China, and the New World Order (Douglas & McIntyre, 2008).

Praker Bandimutt, “India and Geopolitics – Part I,” Strategic Security (09/14/2006)

Sanjaya Baru, Strategic Consequences of India’s Economic Performance (Academic Foundation, 2006).

Dennis Rumley & Sanjay Chaturvedi (eds.), Energy Security and the Indian Ocean (South Asian Publishers, 2005).

Graham P. Chapman, The Geopolitics of South Asia: From Early Empires to the Nuclear Age (Ashgate Publishing, 2003).

Brahma Chellaney, Securing India’s Future in the New Millennium (Orient Longman, 1999) – geo-strategic considerations.

Jyotsna Bakshi, Russia and India: From Ideology to Geopolitics, 1947-1998 (Dev Publication, 1999).

Joysankar Hazarika, Geopolitics of North East India: A Strategical Study (Gyan Pub. House, 1996).

John H. Perkins, Geopolitics and the Green Revolution: Wheat, Genes, and the Cold War (Oxford UP, 1997).

Mahnaz Z. Ispahani, Roads and Rivals: The Political Uses of Access in the Borderlands of Asia (Cornell U. P., 1989).


Africa

Filip Reyntjens, The Great African War: Congo and Regional Geopolitics, 1996-2006 (Cambridge UP, 2009).

René Lemarchand, The Dynamics of Violence in Central Africa (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009).

Christopher Alden, China Returns to Africa: A Superpower and a Continent Embrace (C Hurst & Co Publishers Ltd., 2008).

Philippe Hugon, African Geopolitics (Markus Wiener Publisher, 2008).

George Klay Kieh Jr. and Ida Rousseau Mukenge, Zones of Conflict in Africa: Theories and Cases (Praeger, 2002).

Dick Hodder, Sarah J. Lloyd, & K. S. McLachlan, Land-Locked States of Africa and Asia (Frank Cass, 1994).


Latin America

“Argentina steps up pressure on UK over Falklands,” Strategic Comments, The International Institute for Strategic Studies (2012)

Rachel C. St. John, Line in the Sand: A History of the Western U.S.-Mexico Border (Princeton UP, 2011).

Olivier Dabène, The Politics of Regional Integration in Latin America: Theoretical and Comparative Explorations (Palgrave Macmillan, 2009).

Riordan Roett and Guadalupe Paz (eds.), China’s Expansion into the Western Hemisphere: Implications for Latin America and the United States (Bookings Institution Press, 2008).

Mark B. Rosenberg and Luis G. Solis, The United States and Central America: Geopolitical Realities and Regional Fragility (Routledge, 2007).

Philip Kelly, Checkerboards & Shatterbelts: The Geopolitics of South America (U. of Texas P., 1997).
Virginia Gamba-Stonehouse, Strategy in the Southern Oceans: A South American View (Palgrave Macmillan, 1989).


Further Considerations

Military & Strategic Geography

“Military Balance 2012 – Press Statement,” International Institute for Strategic Studies (2012)

Rashed Uz Zaman, “Strategic Culture: A “Cultural” Understanding of War,” Comparative Strategy, (2009) 28:1, 68-88.

Harold A. Winters, Gerald A. Galloway, William J. Reynolds, David W. Rhyne, Battling the Elements: Weather and Terrain in the Conduct of War (Johns Hopkins U. P., 2001).

John M. Collins, Military Geography (Potomac Books, Inc, 1998).

L.C. Peltier & G.Etzel Pearcy, Military Geography, (D.Van Nostrand & Co, 1966).


Oceanic Geopolitics & Thassalocracy

James D. Hardy, Jr. & Leonard J. Hochberg, “Geopolitics in the Athenian Maritime Empire: Dilemmas of Justice in Thucydides’ The Peloponnesian War,” Projections: The Journal of the Mackinder Forum, forthcoming.

Alun Anderson, After the Ice: Life, Death, and Geopolitics in the New Arctic (Collins Reference, 2009).

Peter H. Sand, United States and Britain in Diego Garcia: The Future of a Controversial Base (Palgrave Macmillan, 2009).

Vijay Sakhuja, “Maritime Multiculturalism: China’s Strategy for the Indian Ocean”  China Brief (9: 2)  [posted 09-11-04 by The Jamestown Foudnation]

Niall Ferguson, “A World without Power,” Foreign Policy (July/Aug. 2004), 32-39.

Stanley Kurtz, “Democratic Imperialism: A Blueprint,” Policy Review (April & May 2003), pp. 3-20.

Niall Ferguson, Empire: The Rise and Demise of the British World Order and the Lessons for Global Power (Basic Books, 2003).

Roger Kimball, “Freedom and Duty: Pericles and Our Times,” The National Interest (Spring 2002), pp. 81-88.

Colin S. Gray, The Leverage of Sea Power: The Strategic Advantage of Navies in War (Free Press, 1992).

Clark G. Reynolds, Command of the Sea: The History and Strategy of Maritime Empires (William Morrow & Co., 1974).

D. H. Cole, Imperial Military Geography: General Characteristics of the Empire in Relation to Defense (Sifton Praed & Co., LTD, 1936).


Empire

Aitor Anduaga, Wireless and Empire: Geopolitics, Radio Industry and Ionosphere in the British Empire, 1918-1939 (Oxford UP, 2009).

John Darwin, After Tamerlane: The Global History of Empire since 1405 (Bloomsbury Press, 2008).

Lauren Benton, A Search for Sovereignty: Law and Geography in European Empires, 1400-1900 (Cambridge UP, 2006).

Hendrik Spruyt, Ending Empire: Contested Sovereignty and Territorial Partition (Cornell UP, 2005).


Geopolitics of Outer Space

Everett C. Dolman, Astropolitik: Classical Geopolitics in the Space Age (Frank Cass, 2002).


Selected Historical Studies

Fernand Braudel, The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II, Vols. I & II (Harper & Row, Publishers, 1972).

Edward Whiting Fox, History in Geographic Perspective: The Other France (W.W. Norton, 1971).

Edward Whiting Fox, The Emergence of the Modern European World (Blackwell Publishers, 1991).

Eugene D. Genovese and Leonard Hochberg (eds.), Geographic Perspectives in History (Basil Blackwell, 1989).

Jakub J. Grygiel, Great Powers and Geopolitical Change (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006).

Fredric C. Lane, Venice: A Maritime Republic (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1973).

Geoffrey Parker, The Army of Flanders and the Spanish Road, 1567-1659: The Logistics of Spanish Victory and Defeat in the Low Countries’ Wars (Cambridge University Press, 2004 pb).

Immanuel Wallerstein, The Modern World System. Vols. I, II & III (Academic Press, 1974, 1980, 1989).


Useful Websites: Journals, News, Etc.

Geopolitics Newsletters and Journals

STRATFOR

Foreign Policy Research Institute

Geostrategy-Direct

ORBIS

Debkafile

Global Geopolitics Net


Access to the News

Real Clear Politics

“Best News Sites”

Global Security

International Affairs Resources, © 1997-2009 Wayne A. Selcher

International News, © 2004-2008 InternationalNews.us

English Online International Newspapers, © Kathleen Mattson and Dave Miller

Global News Index

Political Science Resources, University of Michigan Library


Middle East

MEMRI specializes in translating news and commentary from Arabic to English

Arab World Press Review (see “Current Issue” in left margin”)

Journal of Middle Eastern Geopolitics


Former Soviet Union

Heartland Journal

A New Rusian Heartland, University of Leicester


Western Europe

Limes

Journal of Southeast European and Black Sea Studies


U.S. Geostrategy

Military Publications (Air Force, Army, Marines, Navy, Joint, DoD, etc. all listed by the Command and General Staff College.)

Future Warfare Studies, Global Trends, Future Conflict Studies… (Air Universtiy Center for Strategy and Technology – guide to significant web sites)

Parameters US Army War College Quarterly

Naval War College Review

Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College


Government, Military and Other Relevant Links

Government web sites, Northwestern University Library

Foreign government resources on the web, University of Michigan

Military web sites, Florida International University

Defense web sites, Florida International University

Treaties, Florida International University

Intelligence Agencies, Florida International University

Statistics, Florida International University

Official government and supra-national agencies


Terrorism

http://www.investigativeproject.org/ — The Investigative Project

http://teachingterror.com/websites.htm — Teaching Terror, list of recommended websites

http://www.defenddemocracy.org/ — Foundation for the Defense for Democracies


Maps on the Web

Maps of current interest, Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection

Maps on other web sites, Perry-Castañeda Library

History Web Sites related to historical maps


Foundations

Research Centers focusing on International Relations

Jamestown Foundation

Heritage Foundation

Brookings Foundation

Cato Institute

Hudson Institute